弓弦

JapaneseEdit

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弓弦: Japanese bowstring and 弦巻 (tsurumaki, woven bowstring winder).
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese. Compound of (yu, bow) +‎ (tsuru, string, line).[1] The tsuru changes to zuru due to rendaku (連濁).

Probably the original reading, given the etymology of the yu and yumi readings for .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

弓弦 (hiragana ゆづる, romaji yuzuru)

  1. a bowstring
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 11, poem #2638); text here
      梓弓 末之腹野尓 鷹田為 君之弓食之 将絶跡念甕屋
      梓弓 末のはら野に 鳥狩する 君が弓弦の 絶えむと思へや
      あづさゆみ すゑのはらのに とがりする きみがゆづるの たえむとおもへや
      Azusa yumi / sue no harano ni / togari suru / kimi ga yuzuru no / taemu to omoe ya
      Think about your bowstring snapping as you go off hunting birds in the far fields with your catalpa bow
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Japanese. Compound of (yumi, bow) +‎ (tsuru, string, line).[1] The tsuru changes to zuru due to rendaku (連濁).

Probably a later reading, given the etymology of the yu and yumi readings for .

PronunciationEdit

  • Kun'yomi
  • みずる (Heiban)[2]
  • IPA(key): [jɯᵝmizɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ], [jɯᵝmid͡zɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ] (second reading is dialectal)

NounEdit

弓弦 (hiragana ゆみづる, romaji yumizuru)

  1. a bowstring
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Alteration from yumizuru reading.[1]

/jumizuru/ > /junzuru/

PronunciationEdit

  • Kun'yomi
  • んずる (Heiban)[2]
  • IPA(key): [jɯ̃ᵝɴzɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ], [jɯ̃ᵝɴd͡zɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ] (second reading is dialectical)

NounEdit

Template:noun

  1. a bowstring

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin gōngxián
Zhuyin ㄍㄨㄥ ㄒㄧㄢˊ
IPA (key) /kʊŋ⁵⁵ ɕi̯ɛn³⁵/

NounEdit

弓弦 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin gōngxián)

  1. bowstring
Last modified on 8 April 2014, at 21:31