弓弦

JapaneseEdit

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弓弦: Japanese bowstring and 弦巻 (tsurumaki, woven bowstring winder).
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese. Compound of (yu, bow) +‎ (tsuru, string, line).[1] The tsuru changes to zuru due to rendaku (連濁).

Probably the original reading, given the etymology of the yu and yumi readings for .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

弓弦 (hiragana ゆづる, romaji yuzuru)

  1. a bowstring
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 11, poem #2638); text here
      梓弓 末之腹野尓 鷹田為 君之弓食之 将絶跡念甕屋
      梓弓 末のはら野に 鳥狩する 君が弓弦の 絶えむと思へや
      あづさゆみ すゑのはらのに とがりする きみがゆづるの たえむとおもへや
      Azusa yumi / sue no harano ni / togari suru / kimi ga yuzuru no / taemu to omoe ya
      Think about your bowstring snapping as you go off hunting birds in the far fields with your catalpa bow
IdiomsEdit
  • 弓弦を鳴らす (ゆづるをならす, ​yuzuru o narasu): “to make the bowstring sing” → to strum or thrum a bowstring, done to ward off evil

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Japanese. Compound of (yumi, bow) +‎ (tsuru, string, line).[1] The tsuru changes to zuru due to rendaku (連濁).

Probably a later reading, given the etymology of the yu and yumi readings for .

PronunciationEdit

  • Kun'yomi
  • みずる (Heiban)[2]
  • IPA(key): [jɯᵝmizɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ], [jɯᵝmid͡zɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ] (second reading is dialectal)

NounEdit

弓弦 (hiragana ゆみづる, romaji yumizuru)

  1. a bowstring
Derived termsEdit
  • 弓弦打ち, 弓弦打 (ゆみづるうち, ​yumizuru uchi): striking or strumming a bowstring, done to ward off evil
  • 弓弦師 (ゆみづるし, ​yumizurushi): a master maker of bowstrings
  • 弓弦袋 (ゆみづるぶくろ, ​yumizurubukuro): a pouch for a spare bowstring

Etymology 3Edit

Alteration from yumizuru reading.[1]

/jumizuru/ > /junzuru/

PronunciationEdit

  • Kun'yomi
  • んずる (Heiban)[2]
  • IPA(key): [jɯ̃ᵝɴzɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ], [jɯ̃ᵝɴd͡zɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ] (second reading is dialectical)

NounEdit

Template:noun

  1. a bowstring

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin gōngxián
Zhuyin ㄍㄨㄥ ㄒㄧㄢˊ
IPA (key) /kʊŋ⁵⁵ ɕi̯ɛn³⁵/

NounEdit

弓弦 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin gōngxián)

  1. bowstring
Last modified on 8 April 2014, at 21:31