膝の皿

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 3

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (hiza, knee) +‎ (no, possessive particle: 's) +‎ (sara, plate), from the shape of the bone.

NounEdit

膝の皿 (hiragana ひざのさら, romaji hiza no sara)

  1. (anatomy) The kneecap, the patella.

Usage notesEdit

Both 膝の皿 (hiza no sara) and 膝皿 (hiza sara) are in use in modern Japanese, with 膝の皿 (hiza no sara) used more frequently. The term 膝蓋骨 (shitsugaikotsu) is somewhat more technical, a bit like English patella compared to kneecap.

SynonymsEdit

IdiomsEdit

  • 膝の皿から火が出る (ひざのさらからひがでる, hiza no sara kara hi ga deru): "fire comes out of one's kneecaps" → To be extremely down and out.
  • 膝の皿に火が付く (ひざのさらにひがつく, hiza no sara ni hi ga tsuku): "one's kneecaps catch on fire" → To be extremely down and out.
Last modified on 17 April 2012, at 22:38