Last modified on 10 July 2014, at 14:51
See also:

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from in simplified Chinese.

Han characterEdit

(radical 213 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 弓田山 (NWU))

  1. turtle or tortoise
  2. cuckold

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (龜), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 居追切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuɪ/ /kwi/ /kui/ /kʷi/ /kwi/ /kwi/ /kjuɪ/
Character (龜), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 居求切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨu/ /ki̯ə̯u/ /kiu/ /kiu/ /kuw/ /kĭəu/ /kiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guī ‹ kjuw › /*[k]ʷəә/ tortoise

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4614 0 /*kʷɯ/

CompoundsEdit