Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ḱos. Cognates include Lithuanian -ingas, Old Church Slavonic -ъкъ (-ŭkŭ), Proto-Germanic *-gaz (German, Dutch -ig, English -y), Latin -icus, Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikos), Sanskrit शस (-śas), कस (-kas).
- Added to nouns or verbs to derive adjectives with the meaning 'typical of' or 'characterized by' the original noun (like English -ic, -ical, or -y).
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