Last modified on 13 December 2014, at 20:40

-icus

See also: ICUs

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin

SuffixEdit

-icus

  1. -icus

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-ikos, *-iḱos, formed with the i-stem suffix *-i- and the adjectival suffix *-ko-. Cognates include Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikós), Sanskrit (-śas), (-kas) and Old Church Slavonic -ъкъ (-ŭkŭ).

PIE *-ko- on noun stems carried the meaning 'characteristic of, like, typical, pertaining to', and on adjectival stems it acted emphatically.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-icus m (feminine -ica, neuter -icum); first/second declension

  1. Belonging to.
  2. Derived from.
  3. Of or pertaining to; connected with; -ish.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -icus is added to a noun, adjective, verb, etc., to form an adjective.

Examples:
ūnus (one) → ūnicus (single, unique)
amō (I love) → amīcus (loving, friendly)
Gallia (Gaul) → gallicus (Gallic, Gaulish)
metallum (metal) → metallicus (metallic)

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -icus -ica -icum -icī -icae -ica
genitive -icī -icae -icī -icōrum -icārum -icōrum
dative -icō -icae -icō -icīs -icīs -icīs
accusative -icum -icam -icum -icōs -icās -ica
ablative -icō -icā -icō -icīs -icīs -icīs
vocative -ice -ica -icum -icī -icae -ica

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit