The charts below show the way in which the
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents French pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.
English approximations are in some cases very approximate, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See
French phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.
French has no word-level
stress, so stress marks should not be used in transcribing French words. See here for explanation.
cabas; ar chaï que; a quarelle; kelvin s
mou; fe mme
nous; bo nne
gneaux  roughly like ca
nyon; Portuguese nh
roue; rhume  roughly like lo
ch (Scottish English); Portuguese rr
sa; hau sse; ce; gar çon; op tion; scie
chou; schème; shampooing
tout; thé s
joue; geai mea
ng  campi
jota; khamsin  lo
ch (Scottish English)
ief; pa yer; fi lle; trava il
oui; l oi; m oyen; web
yet and wet
atte roughly like p
âte; gl as  br
é; l es; ch ez; all er; pi ed p
ère; est; abdom en; f aite b
ête; m aître; r eine; sc ène; c aisse; r eître  s
e; r eposer 
again ( often ) elided
i; île; y b
œur; j eune b
eux; j eûne roughly like b
ot; h ôtel; h aut; bur eau roughly like l
aw (British English)
ort; minim um n
u; s ûr j
ans; ch amp; v ent; t emps; J ean; t aon  roughly like croiss
in; impair; p ain; d aim; pl ein; R eims; bi en  roughly like pl
un; parf um  roughly like t
on; n om roughly like
yen [mwaˈjɛ̃]  phrasal stress
ays [pe.i]  syllable boundary
s agneaux [lez‿aˈɲo]
^ In European French, ɲ is often pronounced [nj] .
^ The French rhotic varies from region to region, though it is often uvular, especially in Northern France; the more common pronunciations include a voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] and a uvular trill [ʀ] and sometimes [χ] (after voiceless consonants).
^ In European French, [ŋ] is often pronounced [ŋɡ].
^ [x] may be replaced by ʁ.
^ In Metropolitan French, [ɑ] is often replaced by [a].
^ In Metropolitan French, [ɛː] is often replaced by [ɛ]. In Quebec French, [ɛː] is often pronounced [aɛ̯].
^ In French, [ə] is pronounced with some lip rounding [ɵ̞]; for a number of speakers, it is also more front and may even be phonetically identical to the vowel of s œur [sœʁ]. In Metropolitan French, [ə] is rounded and fronted, making it phonetically similar to [ø].
^ In Quebec French, /ɑ̃/ is pronounced [ã].
^ In Quebec French, /ɛ̃/ is pronounced [ẽ].
^ In Metropolitan French, /œ̃/ is often replaced by [ɛ̃].
^ Stress falls on the last full syllable of a phrase, except in emphatic speech.
^ Used sparingly.
^ Latent final consonant is pronounced before a following vowel sound.