In the sense of "mental strain" or “disruption”, used occasionally in the 1920s and 1930s by psychologists, including Walter Cannon (1934); in “biological threat”, used by endocrinologist Hans Selye, by metaphor with stress in physics (force on an object) in the 1930s, and popularized by same in the 1950s.
- (countable, physics) The internal distribution of force per unit area (pressure) within a body reacting to applied forces which causes strain or deformation and is typically symbolised by σ
- (countable, physics) externally applied to a body which cause internal stress within the body.
- (uncountable) Emotional pressure suffered by a human being or other animal.
- Go easy on him, he's been under a lot of stress lately.
- (uncountable, phonetics) The emphasis placed on a syllable of a word.
- Some people put the stress on the first syllable of “controversy”; others put it on the second.
- (uncountable) Emphasis placed on words in speaking.
- (uncountable) Emphasis placed on a particular point in an argument or discussion (whether spoken or written).
- Obsolete form of distress.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
- (Scotland, law) distress; the act of distraining; also, the thing distrained.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- To apply force to (a body or structure) causing strain.
- To apply emotional pressure to (a person or animal).
- (informal) To suffer stress; to worry or be agitated.
- To emphasise (a syllable of a word).
- “Emphasis” is stressed on the first syllable, but “emphatic” is stressed on the second.
- To emphasise (words in speaking).
- To emphasise (a point) in an argument or discussion.
- I must stress that this information is given in strict confidence.
- (phonetics): emphasise/emphasize
- (on words in speaking): emphasise/emphasize
- (on a point): emphasise/emphasize, underline
- ^ Keil, R.M.K. (2004) Coping and stress: a conceptual analysis Journal of Advanced Nursing, 45(6), 659–665
stress m (uncountable)
- stress (emotional pressure)
- "stress" in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
stress n (genitive singular stress, no plural)