Last modified on 30 May 2014, at 11:11

Appendix:Proto-Germanic/-þuz

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This entry contains Proto-Germanic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-tus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*-þuz m

  1. Forms result nouns from verb roots, usually from strong verbs.

DeclensionEdit


Usage notesEdit

There are several variant forms based on the final consonant of the stem and the original position of the accent:

  • Ending in a dental: *-suz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Ending in an obstruent: *-tuz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Otherwise: *-þuz, *-duz

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

This suffix was no longer productive in the daughter languages. The following lists outcomes of derived terms.

  • Old English: -þ
    • English: -th
  • Old Saxon: -th
  • Old Dutch: *-t
    • Dutch: -d
  • Old High German: -d
    • German: -d
  • Old Norse: -ðr
    • Icelandic: -ður
    • Faroese: -ður
    • Swedish: -d
    • Danish: -d
  • Gothic: -𐌸𐌿𐍃 (-þus)