Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/b-ləj

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This entry contains Proto-Sino-Tibetan reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *blyid (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *b-ləy (Matisoff, STEDT); *b-ləy, *b-liy (Chou, 1972; Weidert, 1987); *b-liy (LaPolla, 1987; Benedict, 1972)

NumeralEdit

Proto-Sino-Tibetan numerals
ONE *ʔit
*kat
*tjak ~ g-t(j)ik
TWO *g/s-ni-s
THREE *g-sum
FOUR *b-ləj
FIVE *l/b-ŋa
SIX *d-(k-)ruk
SEVEN *s-ni-s
EIGHT *b-r-gjat ~ b-g-rjat
NINE *d/s-kəw
TEN *gip
*ts(j)i(j) ~ tsjaj
TWENTY *(m-)kul
HUNDRED *b-r-gja
THOUSAND *s-toŋ
  1. four

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: /*s.lij-s/ (B-S), /*hljids/ (ZS) ("four")
    (in the oracle bone script) 四-oracle.svg
    • Middle Chinese: /siɪH/

         Japanese:   (, shi)
            Korean:   (sa) (, sa)
            Vietnamese:  tứ

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (, /sz̩⁵¹/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /sei³³/, /ɕiː³³/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /sz̩³⁴/
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /ɕi³¹/ (colloquial), /su³¹/ (literary)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: བཞི (bzhi, four)
  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
      • Jingpho [Kachin]: mali (four)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: လေး (le:, four)
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (ly, four)
  • Karenic:
    /*lwiᴬ/ (Luangthongkum, 2013)
    • Sgaw: လွံၢ် (lwî, four)
Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 17:07