Last modified on 3 May 2015, at 00:31

See also: 西, , and
Character  四 
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56DB
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
Codepoint U+56DB
 ← CJK Unified Ideographs → 

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
四-bw.png
Stroke order
四-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

The original shell and bone character was written four times, (compare and ). The bronzeware style of the character featured a repositioning of those four lines inside ; this later evolved into the combination used today of 口 mouth and 八 divide which meant a dispersal of breath. It could thus be said that four is a borrowed meaning for this character.

四 四 四 四
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田金 (WC), four-corner 60210, composition)

Usage notesEdit

Wikipedia

As superstition, 四 is avoided because it is similar to (death) in sound.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 216, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 439, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 710, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+56DB

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ləj.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (四), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 息利切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /sjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sijH › /*s.li[j]-s/ four

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12022 1 /*hljids/

NumeralEdit

  1. four

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

  1. (music) la (musical note)
  2. (printing) The size of type between 小四 (little 4) and 小三 (little 3), standardized as 14 point.

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal :

Etymology 1Edit

/yo2/ *[jə] > /yo/ [jo].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji yo)

  1. four

Etymology 2Edit

Native yo (id) + n, influenced by analogy by the final sound in Chinese san (three).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana よん, romaji yon)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Japanese reading.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 4Edit

From (four). The parallel lines have since evolved into an approximation of what a fist looks when viewed palm side down.

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: neok, McCune-Reischauer: nŏk, Yale: nek)
  1. four

CompoundsEdit


MulamEdit

NumeralEdit

(ti5)

  1. four

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tứ, tớ, )

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