Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 17:08

Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/krəw

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This entry contains Proto-Sino-Tibetan reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *n/g-[r]u-(ŋ/k) ⪤ *n/g-[r]wa-ŋ/k, *d-krəw (Matisoff, STEDT); *g-ruŋ ~ gruŋ, *krəw-k, *rwa(ŋ) (Matisoff, 2003); *kruw, *rwaŋ (Michailovsky, 1991); *kruw (LaPolla, 1987); *kruw, *ruŋ ~ *rwaŋ (Benedict, 1972); *ruŋ (Chou, 1972); *ruŋ ~ *rwaŋ (Weidert, 1987)
      [1] Goat with spiral horns.

NounEdit

  1. horn
  2. angle
  3. corner

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: /*C.kˁrok/ (B-S), /*kroːg/ (ZS) ("horn, angle, corner"), /*kʷraːŋ/ (ZS) ("ancient wine vessel made of horn")
    • Middle Chinese: /kɣʌk/, /kwɣæŋ/

         Japanese:   (かく, kaku)
            Korean:   (gak) (, gak)
            Vietnamese:  giác

         Vietnamese:  góc (corner)

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (jiăo, /t͡ɕi̯ɑʊ̯²¹⁴/, colloquial), (jué, /t͡ɕɥ̯œ³⁵/, literary); (jiăo, /t͡ɕi̯ɑʊ̯²¹⁴/, "dumpling"); (gōng, /kʊŋ⁵⁵/)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
      • Loloish
        /*kro¹/ (Bradley, 1979)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (fu, horn)

See alsoEdit