Verbs that retained their reduplication in the past tense in Proto-Germanic. The seventh class was originally a collection of verbs from the other six classes that exhibited reduplication. Consequently, the sound of the present tense can vary but it is always the same as that of the past participle.
The reduplicating vowel is always -ai-. The verbs with -ē- in the present tense can be split into two subclasses. The first subgroup changes the stem vowel to -ō- in the past tense, the second retains the present tense vowel.