acault (plural acaults)
- A male who exhibits transgender behavior. This cultural identification is associated with animistic beliefs.
This word is a mistranslation of the Burmese term အခြောက် (ăchauk, “dry article”) which designates men who seek other men ("homosexual" or MSM). While Coleman et al. did publish a 1992 essay (which was reprinted and referenced by various other authors) referring to the Burmese "acault," they also admitted to an "inability to speak the local languages" (314) and a "lack of training in anthropology" (320). The term ăchauk is Burmese slang and does not literally indicate someone who works as a spirit medium, which is more properly known as နတ်ကတော် (nat gădaw). In Burma, these spirit mediums may be female or male, and may or may not be transgendered (cross-dressing), although they do wear costumes during ceremonial rituals when channeling spirits called "nats" in Burma. Homosexuality is not necessarily implied with spirit mediumship.
- berdache and the controversy/discussion about using "berdache" vs. "two spirit" in "Various Kinds of Two-Spirit People: Gender Variance and Homosexuality in Native American communities" by Sabine Lang in Two Spirit People: Native Amreican Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituality. Eds. Sue-Ellen Jacobs, Wesley Thomas, and Sabine Lang. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997: 100-118
- Thai กะเทย (kàthoey)
- Burmese နတ်ကတော် (nat-ka.tau).
- Coleman E, Colgan P, Gooren L. Male cross-gender behavior in Myanmar (Burma): a description of the acault. Archives of Sexual Behavior 1992 Jun;21(3):313-21.
- Brac de la Perrière, Bénédicte. “The Taungbyon Festival: Locality and Nation-Confronting in the Cult of the 37 Lords." Burma at the Turn of the 21st Century. Ed. Monique Skidmore. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2005: 65-89
- “Young Activists Reflect on Identity, Community, and Diversity Among Asia’s MSM: THE TREAT ASIA REPORT INTERVIEW” TREAT Asia Report Feb 2007. TREAT Asia. amfAR. Accessed 1 July 2009. http://www.amfar.org/world/treatasia/article.aspx?id=5726