argentum

LatinEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of *h₂erǵ- (white). Cognates include Old Irish argat (silver), Welsh arian (silver), Ancient Greek ἀργός (árgos, shining white, bright, glistening), ἄργυρος (árguros, silver) and ἀργέντινος (argentinos, "silvery"), Sanskrit अर्जुन (árjuna, white, clear) and रजत (rajatá, silver), Avestan [script?] (-ərəzata, silver), Old Persian [script?] (ardata, silver), and possibly Old Armenian արծաթ (arcatʿ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

argentum n (genitive argentī); second declension

  1. silver (metal)
    • Tacitus Germania, chapter 5 (translation M. Hutton).
      Argentum et aurum propitiine an irati di negaverint dubito.
      The gods have denied them gold and silver, whether in mercy or wrath I find it hard to say.
  2. (by extension) a silvern thing

InflectionEdit

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative argentum argenta
genitive argentī argentōrum
dative argentō argentīs
accusative argentum argenta
ablative argentō argentīs
vocative argentum argenta

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Portuguese: argento
  • Romanian: argint
  • Romansch: argient
  • Sardinian: arghentu
  • Sicilian: argentu
  • Spanish: argento
  • Venetian: arxento
  • Walloon: ardjint

MalayEdit

Chemical element
Ag Previous: paladium (Pd)
Next: kadmium (Cd)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin argentum, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ-.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [a(r)gɛntom], [a(r)gɛntəm], [a(r)d͡ʒɛntəm]
  • Rhymes: -tom, -om

NounEdit

argentum (Jawi spelling ارݢينتوم)

  1. silver (metal)

Usage notesEdit

  • Usually used in scientific contexts compared to perak.

SynonymsEdit

Last modified on 31 March 2014, at 09:55