Last modified on 18 July 2014, at 15:38

congregation

See also: congrégâtion

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French congregacion, from Latin congregātiō, from congregare "to herd together", itself from com- "together" + gregare "to collect into a flock, gather" (from grex "a flock, herd"); adopted c.1340 by the English Bible translator William Tyndale, to render the Greek (ekklesia) ('those called together, (popular) meeting'; hence Latin ecclesia 'church') in his New Testament, and preferred by 16th century Reformers instead of church.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

congregation (plural congregations)

  1. A gathering of faithful in a temple, church, synagogue, mosque or other place of worship. It can also refer to the people who are present at a devotional service in the building, particularly in contrast to the pastor, minister, imam, rabbi etc. and/or choir, who may be seated apart from the general congregation or lead the service (notably in responsary form).
  2. A Roman Congregation, a main department of the Vatican administration of the universal church
  3. A corporate body whose members gather for worship, or the members of such a body.
  4. Any large gathering of people
  5. The collective noun for eagles.
  6. (UK, Oxford University) The main body of university staff, comprising academics, administrative staff, heads of colleges, etc.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.