Last modified on 21 May 2014, at 13:31

kvieši

LatvianEdit

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 Kvieši on Latvian Wikipedia

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Kvieši

EtymologyEdit

From an earlier *kvietis (plural kvieši, genitive *kvietya > kvieša, from which a new singular kviesis was formed by analogy), from Proto-Baltic *kʷiet-, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷeyt- (to shine; bright; white), from a stem *kew-, *ḱew- (to shine; bright) with an extra -t. The original meaning was probably “light, bright one” > “wheat,” given its color. Cognates include Lithuanian kviečiaĩ, singular kvietỹs, Proto-Germanic *hwaitja- (Old Norse hveiti, Norwegian kveite, Old High German weize, German Weizen, Old English hwæte, English wheat.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

kvieši m (2nd declension)

  1. wheat (esp. Triticum aestivum)
    kviešu miltiwheat flour
    kviešu maizewheat bread
    kviešu laukswheat field
    sēt kviešus — to sow wheat
    pļaut kviešus — to mow wheat


DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

There is a singular form kviesis, only sporadically attested (usually to refer to the plant). There is also a family name Kviesis.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “kvieši” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7