sculan

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *skulaną (to owe), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kel- (shall, must, owe). Cognate with Old High German scolan (German sollen), Old Saxon skulan, Dutch zullen, Old Norse skulu (Swedish skola), Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌿𐌻𐌰𐌽 (skulan).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sculan

  1. (transitive) to owe
  2. (auxiliary) to be obliged, must, should
    Him æghwylc þara ymbsittendra ofer hronrade hyran scolde. All of the neighbouring tribes over the ocean had to listen to him. (Beowulf ll.9-10)
  3. (auxiliary) should, shall, expressing the speaker’s intention
    Þa cwæð he: Hwæt sceal ic singan? Then he said, ‘what shall I sing?’ (Bede)
  4. (auxiliary) shall, to be going or about (to do something)

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

VerbEdit

sculan

  1. Alternative spelling of skulan.
Last modified on 3 December 2013, at 21:19