šarratum

AkkadianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From 𒈗 (šarrum, king) +‎ -𒀀𒌈 (-atum, feminine suffix). Compare Biblical Hebrew שָׂרַי(śɔray, princess), feminine of שַׂר(śar) (with old feminine ending ־ַי‎).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

šarratum f (plural šarrātum) (from Old Akkadian on)

  1. queen

InflectionEdit

Declension
singular dual plural
Nominative šarratum šarratān šarrātum
Genitive šarratim šarratīn šarrātim
Accusative šarratam šarratīn šarrātim
Construct state šarrat
This table gives Old Babylonian inflection. Not all of the entries may be attested.

Alternative formsEdit

Cuneiform spellings
Logograms Phonetic Mixed
  • 𒎙𒋥 (MAN-rat, 20-rat) (Neo-Assyrian, absolute state)
  • 𒎙𒀜 (MAN-at, 20-at) (Neo-Assyrian, absolute state)

ReferencesEdit

  • šarratu”, in The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (CAD), Chicago: University of Chicago Oriental Institute, 1956–2011
  • Black, Jeremy; George, Andrew; Postgate, Nicholas (2000), “šarratu(m)”, in A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag