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Σύρτις

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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Attested by Herodotus (2.32). Perhaps from συρτός (surtós, swept, washed down), from the verb σύρω (súrō, draw, drag, trail along), after the effect of the wind and the waves on the quicksands in these gulfs.

The metaphorical meaning "destruction" is due to the proverbial difficulty of navigating these gulfs due to shoreward drag.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /sýr.tis/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈsyr.tis/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈsyr.tis/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈsyr.tis/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈsir.tis/
  • Proper nounEdit

    Σῠ́ρτῐς (Súrtisf (genitive Σῠ́ρτεως or Σῠ́ρτῐος); third declension

    1. the Syrtis, name of two large shallow gulfs on the coast of Libya
      • Συνεχὴς δ’ἐστὶν ἡ μικρὰ σύρτις, ἣν καὶ Λωτοφαγῖτιν σύρτιν λέγουσιν. (Strabo, Geographica, 17.3)

    DeclensionEdit

    NounEdit

    Σῠ́ρτῐς (Súrtisf (genitive Σῠ́ρτεως or Σῠ́ρτῐος); third declension

    1. destruction, ruin
      • ἄλλα δ’ ἄλλαν θραῦεν σύρτις (Timotheus Fragmenta, ed. D.L. Page, Poetae melici Graeci, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962, 1967, 400‑418; fragment 15, line 88)

    DeclensionEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit