государь

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic государь (gosudarĭ), a later form of господарь (gospodarĭ).[1] The reshaping of the latter has been explained by the influence of the root суд- (sud-, to judge)[2] or by a relaxed pronunciation[3].

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɡəsʊˈdarʲ]
  • (file)

NounEdit

госуда́рь (gosudárʹm anim (genitive госуда́ря, nominative plural госуда́ри, genitive plural госуда́рей, feminine госуда́рыня, related adjective госуда́рев)

  1. sovereign
  2. Your Majesty
  3. sire
    ми́лостивый госуда́рьmílostivyj gosudárʹSir; Dear sir (in letters)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Vasmer, Max (1964), “государь”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume I, translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress, page 448
  2. ^ Chernykh, Pavel (1999), “государь”, in Историко-этимологический словарь русского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russian Language, page 210
  3. ^ Cyganenko, G. B. (1989), “государь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), 2nd edition, Kiev: Radjansʹka škola, page 92