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EtymologyEdit

From Aramaic קְסְטִירָא(qəsṭīrā), קַסִּיטְרָא(qassīṭrā, tin), from Ancient Greek κασσίτερον (kassíteron), κασσίτερος (kassíteros, tin, literally the metal or earth from the land of the Kassi); ultimately of obscure origin, considered of pre-Greek substrate. Identification and the meaning of κασσί (kassí) has been disputed; see Kassites, a historically significant bronze age people from the Zagros Mountains, the nearest source of Mesopotamian tin – which could relate us to مَرْقَشِيتَا(marqašītā, marcasite) –, and the Cassiterides and cassiterite.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /qasˤ.diːr/
  • (file)

NounEdit

قَصْدِير (qaṣdīrm

  1. tin

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • qsyṭr”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • قصدير” in Almaany
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 153
  • Vollers, Karl (1897), “Beiträge zur Kenntniss der lebenden arabischen Sprache in Aegypten”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1] (in German), volume 51, page 301