ܒܟܝܪܝܐ

Classical SyriacEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ܒ-ܟ-ܪ(b-k-r), related to being first; compare Arabic بَكِير(bakīr), Talmudic Hebrew בַּכִּיר(bakkîr).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [b(ə.)xiˈrɑ.jɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [bxiˈrɑ.jɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [bxiˈro.jo]

AdjectiveEdit

ܒܟܝܪܝܐ (bəḵīrāyām (plural ܒܟܝܪܝܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܒܟܝܪܝܬܐ‎)

  1. early, primitive; primary, first
    • Peshitta, James 5:7:
      ܐܢܬܘܢ ܕܝܢ ܐܚܝ̈. ܐܓܪܘ ܪܘܚܟܘܢ ܥܕܡܐ ܠܡܐܬܝܬܗ ܕܡܪܝܐ. ܐܝܟ ܐܟܪܐ ܕܡܣܟܐ ܠܦܐܪ̈ܐ ܝܩܝܪ̈ܐ ܕܐܪܥܗ. ܘܡܓܪ ܪܘܚܗ ܥܠܝܗܘܢ. ܥܕܡܐ ܕܢܣܒ ܡܛܪܐ ܒܟܝܪܝܐ ܘܠܩܝܫܝܐ.‎‎
      ʾa[n]tōn dên ʾăḥay, ʾaggar[w] rūḥḳōn ʿəḏammā lə-mēṯīṯēh ḏə-māryā. ʾāḵ ʾakkārā ḏa-mə-sakkē lə-p̄ērē yaqqīrē ḏə-ʾarʿā, wə-maggar rūḥēh ʿəlayhōn. ʿəḏammā ḏə-nāseḇ meṭrā bəḵīrāyā wa-ləqīšāyā.
      Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

ܒܟܝܪܝܐ (bəḵīrāyām (plural ܒܟܝܪܝܐ (bəḵīrāyē), singular feminine counterpart ܒܟܝܪܝܬܐ‎)

  1. firstborn
  2. (in the plural) early lambs or kids

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • bkyry”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2019-07-08
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français ∙ Syriac–English Dictionary ∙ قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, page 30a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 45b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, page 152b