From Ottoman Turkish ـجه(-ce), ـچه(-çe).



  1. like, -like, -ly; -ish; as if, as though; in the way of
  2. Used to form adverbs from nouns and adjectives.
    sert (violent; hard; harsh) + ‎-çe → ‎sertçe (violently; hard; harshly)
  3. -ish: Used to form languages from a demonym/nationality.
    Türk (Turk) + ‎-çe → ‎Türkçe (Turkish language) (literally "like a Turk")
  4. -ian, -ese: Used to form languages from the name of a country or region.
    İsveç (Sweden) + ‎-çe → ‎İsveççe (Swedish language) (literally "in the way of Sweden")

Usage notesEdit

  • It's used when the nationality word's last vowel is one of "e", "i", "ö" or "ü" and the last consonant is one of "f", "s", "t", "k", "ç", "ş", "h" or "p"
  • It can become -ce, -ça, -ca according to the last vowel and the last consonant of the word.

Derived termsEdit