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The term is derived from a Punic term for the country in which the city of Carthage was located. It is possibly derived from an ethnonym, a name of an indigenous tribe encountered by the Phoenician colonists, or perhaps related to Punic 𐤏𐤐𐤓(ʿafar, dust) akin to Biblical Hebrew עָפָר(ʿāp̄ār, dust), or alternatively from a Berber language افري (`ifri, cave), denoting cave dwellers. Flavius Josephus derived the ethnonym from the name of Abraham's grandson, Epher. The name is perhaps related to the tribal name Ifran recorded by medieval Arab authors.



Āfer (feminine Āfra, neuter Āfrum); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er)

  1. from Africa (the region of modern-day Tunisia)


First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative Āfer Āfra Āfrum Āfrī Āfrae Āfra
Genitive Āfrī Āfrae Āfrī Āfrōrum Āfrārum Āfrōrum
Dative Āfrō Āfrō Āfrīs
Accusative Āfrum Āfram Āfrum Āfrōs Āfrās Āfra
Ablative Āfrō Āfrā Āfrō Āfrīs
Vocative Āfer Āfra Āfrum Āfrī Āfrae Āfra

Proper nounEdit

Āfer m (genitive Āfrī); second declension

  1. (Roman Republic) a Carthaginian
  2. (Roman Empire) cognomen applied to a native of the province of Africa:
    1. Publius Terentius Afer, a Roman playwright


Second-declension noun (nominative singular in -er).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Āfer Āfrī
Genitive Āfrī Āfrōrum
Dative Āfrō Āfrīs
Accusative Āfrum Āfrōs
Ablative Āfrō Āfrīs
Vocative Āfer Āfrī

Derived termsEdit