Appendix:Ancient Greek second declension

Greek nouns of the second declension are masculines and feminines in -ος (-os), and neuters in -ον (-on) or in -ως (-ōs) and -ων (-ōn) (Attic nouns).

SuffixesEdit

Regular nouns
Masculine & Feminine Neuter
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative –ος –ω –οι –ον –ω –ᾰ
Genitive –ου –οιν –ων –ου –οιν –ων
Dative –ῳ –οις –ῳ –οις
Accusative –ον –ω –ους –ον –ω –ᾰ
Vocative –ε –οι
Regular nouns
Singular Dual Plural
m./f. n. m./f. n. m./f. n.
Nominative –ος –ον –ω –οι –ᾰ
Vocative –ε
Accusative –ον –ους
Genitive –ου –οιν –ων
Dative –ῳ –οις

ExamplesEdit

Regular nouns
Masculine & Feminine Neuter
πόλεμος (polemos, "war") m μῆλον (mēlon, "apple") n
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative πόλεμος πολέμω πόλεμοι μῆλον μήλω μῆλα
Genitive πολέμου πολέμοιν πολέμων μήλου μήλοιν μήλων
Dative πολέμῳ πολέμοις μήλῳ μήλοις
Accusative πόλεμον πολέμω πολέμους μῆλον μήλω μῆλα
Vocative πόλεμε πόλεμοι