Appendix:Hungarian pronunciation

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is used to represent Hungarian pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

ConsonantsEdit

IPA Letter Example Audio English approx.
b b baj [ˈbɒj] (trouble)
(file)
bean
t͡s [1] c cím [ˈt͡siːm] (address)
(file)
cats
t͡ʃ cs csap [ˈt͡ʃɒp] (faucet; to strike)
(file)
church
ds zöldség [ˈzølt͡ʃeːɡ] (vegetable)
(file)
d d dob [ˈdob] (drum; to throw)
(file)
dog
d͡z dz brindza [ˈbrind͡zɒ] (bryndza) kids
d͡ʒ dzs dzsessz [ˈd͡ʒɛsː] (jazz)
(file)
jazz
f f fa [ˈfɒ] (tree)
(file)
fall
ɡ g gép [ˈɡeːp] (machine)
(file)
get
ɟ gy gyár [ˈɟaːr] (factory)
(file)
duty (UK)
dj mindjárt [ˈmiɲɟaːrt] (right away)
h h haj [ˈhɒj] (hair)
(file)
hair
ɦ[2] soha [ˈʃoɦɒ] (never)
(file)
x potroh [ˈpotrox] (abdomen)
(file)
j j jól [ˈjoːl] (well)
(file)
yes
ç[3] rakj [ˈrɒkç] (put)
(file)
ʝ[4] férj [ˈfeːrʝ] (husband)
(file)
j[5] órsi [ˈoːrijaːʃi] (huge)
(file)
yes
k k kis [ˈkiʃ] (small)
(file)
skip
l l lap [ˈlɒp] (sheet)
(file)
lab
j ly hely [ˈhɛj] (place)
(file)
yes
m m már [ˈmaːr] (already)
(file)
mint
ɱ szemfog [ˈsɛɱfoɡ] (eye tooth) tromf
n n nép [ˈneːp] (people)
(file)
neat
ɱ [6] tanfolyam [ˈtɒɱfojɒm] (course)
(file)
ŋ [7] hang [ˈhɒŋg] (voice)
(file)
ɲ ny nyugat [ˈɲugɒt] (west)
(file)
new (UK)
p p pénz [ˈpeːnz] (money)
(file)
speak
kv q Aquincum [ˈɒkviŋkum] (Aquincum)
r r rész [ˈreːs] (part; piece)
(file)
ʃ s sem [ˈʃɛm] (neither)
(file)
show
s sz szól [ˈsoːl] (to say)
(file)
sit
t t több [ˈtøbː] (more)
(file)
stop
c ty tyúk [ˈcuːk] (hen)
(file)
tube (UK)
tj kertje [ˈkɛrcɛ] (his/her/its garden)
v v vés [ˈveːʃ] (to carve)
(file)
veal
w watt [ˈvɒtː] (watt)
ks x xenon [ˈksɛnon] (xenon)
j y York [ˈjork] (York)
z z zöld [ˈzøld] (green)
(file)
zeal
ʒ zs zseb [ˈʒɛb] (pocket)
(file)
pleasure
  1. ^ [t͡s] and [ts] are not the same. The latter represents two phonemes, t and sz.
  2. ^ [ɦ]: Voiced glottal fricative: 1. Between two non-identical vowels 2. Between a sonorant (m, n, ny, l, j, r) and a vowel (in this order).
  3. ^ [ç]: At the end of the word after f, k, p. Examples: döfj, rakj, kapj.
  4. ^ [ʝ]: At the end of the word after b, v, g, r, m. Examples: dobj, óvj, égj, férj, szomj.
  5. ^ [j]: A weak glide pronounced within a word (or a compound element) between two adjacent vowels (where one of them is i or í) to fill the hiatus. Since there is only a minor difference between the regular [j] and the weaker glide [j], the same IPA symbol is used for both.
  6. ^ [ɱ]: n and m in the nf, nv, mf, mv consonant combinations.
  7. ^ [ŋ]: n in the ng and nk consonant combinations.

Long consonantsEdit

IPA Letters Example Audio English approx.
bb szebb [ˈsɛbː] (more beautiful)
(file)
pb alapbér [ˈɒlɒbːeːr] (basic salary)
t͡sː cc vicc [ˈvit͡sː] (joke)
(file)
dsz tudsz [ˈtut͡sː] (you can)
(file)
dc dcukor [ˈnaːt͡sːukor] (cane sugar)
tsz tszik [ˈjaːt͡sːik] (he/she plays)
(file)
tssz tssz [ˈlaːt͡sː] (you should be visible)
(file)
t͡ʃː ccs meccs [ˈmɛt͡ʃː] (match)
(file)
ts szövetség [ˈsøvɛt͡ʃːeːɡ] (alliance)
(file)
ds fáradság [ˈfaːrɒt͡ʃːaːɡ] (effort)
dd addig [ˈɒdːiɡ] (until)
(file)
td tiszteletdíj [ˈtistɛlɛdːiːj] (royalty payment)
d͡zː dz edző [ˈɛd͡zːøː] (coach)
(file)
d͡ʒː dzs menedzser [ˈmɛnɛd͡ʒːɛr] (manager)
ddzs briddzsel [ˈbrid͡ʒːɛl] (with bridge)
ff blöff [ˈbløfː] (bluff)
(file)
vf évfolyam [ˈeːfːojɒm] (class)
ɡː gg agg [ˈɒɡː] (aged)
(file)
kg kgubó [ˈmaːɡːuboː] (poppy head)
(file)
ɟː ggy poggyász [ˈpoɟːaːs] (luggage)
(file)
gyj nagyjából [ˈnɒɟːaːboːl] (roughly)
(file)
dj adjál [ˈɒɟːaːl] (give me)
(file)
d+gy hadgyakorlat [ˈhɒɟːɒkorlɒt] (military exercise)
hh
ch pech [ˈpɛxː] (bad luck)
(file)
jj éjjel [ˈeːjːɛl] (at night)
(file)
lj teljesen [ˈtɛjːɛʃɛn] (totally)
(file)
llj állj [ˈaːjː] (stop)
lly llyed [ˈʃyjːɛd] (to sink)
(file)
ly+j folyjon [ˈfojːon] (let it flow)
kk mekkora [ˈmɛkːorɒ] (what size)
(file)
gk megkap [ˈmɛkːɒp] (to receive)
ll hallott [ˈhɒlːotː] (he/she heard)
(file)
mm semmi [ˈʃɛmːi] (nothing)
(file)
nm önmagam [ˈømːɒɡɒm] (myself)
nn tenni [ˈtɛnːi] (to do)
(file)
ɲː nny amennyi [ˈɒmɛɲːi] (as much as)
(file)
ny+j anyja [ˈɒɲːɒ] (his/her mother)
nj menj [ˈmɛɲː] (go)
(file)
pp nappali [ˈnɒpːɒli] (daytime)
(file)
bp zabpehely [ˈzɒpːɛhɛj] (rolled oats)
rr erre [ˈɛrːɛ] (this way)
(file)
lr balra [ˈbɒrːɒ] (to the left)
(file)
ʃː ss kissé [ˈkiʃːeː] (slightly)
(file)
sz+s egészség [ˈɛɡeːʃːeːɡ] (health)
(file)
z+s igazság [ˈiɡɒʃːaːɡ] (truth)
(file)
ssz messze [ˈmɛsːɛ] (far)
(file)
z+sz zszintes [ˈviːsːintɛʃ] (horizontal)
tt ttam [ˈlaːtːɒm] (I saw it)
(file)
dt maradt [ˈmɒrɒtː] (stayed)
(file)
tty petty [ˈpɛcː] (dot)
(file)
ty+j atyja [ˈɒcːɒ] (his/her father)
tj tja [ˈlaːcːɒ] (he/she sees it)
(file)
vv évvel [ˈeːvːɛl] (with year)
(file)
zz azzal [ˈɒzːɒl] (with that)
(file)
sz+z gyászzene [ˈɟaːzːɛnɛ] (funeral music)
ʒː zzs garázzsal [ˈɡɒraːʒːɒl] (with garage)
(file)
s+zs sertészsír [ˈʃɛrteːʒːiːr] (lard)

VowelsEdit

IPA Letter Example Audio English approx.
ɒ a agy [ˈɒɟ] (brain)
(file)
awe (but short)
á ágy [ˈaːɟ] (bed)
(file)
father
ɛ e eke [ˈɛkɛ] (plow)
(file)
less
é ép [ˈeːp] (intact)
(file)
café
i i irt [ˈirt] (to eradicate}
(file)
bit
í írt [ˈiːrt] (he/she wrote)
(file)
bee
o o ok [ˈok] (cause, reason)
(file)
force
ó ó [ˈoː] (old)
(file)
hole
ø ö öt [ˈøt] (five)
(file)
øː ő őt [ˈøːt] (him/her)
(file)
early
u u un [ˈun] (to be bored of)
(file)
bull
ú út [ˈuːt] (road)
(file)
tool
y ü ül [ˈyl] (to sit)
(file)
ű űr [ˈyːr] (space)
(file)

Vowel variantsEdit

IPA Letter Example Audio English approx.
ɒː[1] a arra [ˈɒːrɒ] (that way)
a[2] a halló? [ˈhaloː] (hello?)
ɛː e erre [ˈɛːrɛ] (this way)[3]
[4] au au [ˈɒu̯toː] (car)
(file)
  1. ^ A double length [ɒ].
  2. ^ A short vowel between a and á. Mostly used in foreign words.
  3. ^ A double length [ɛ].
  4. ^ A semivowel usually paired with another vowel such as au (augusztus), eu (euró).

Other symbolsEdit

A stress mark is placed before the syllable that is stressed.

IPA indicates
ˈ (ˈa) primary stress
ˌ (ˌa) secondary stress
/ / phonemes, as in /ˈinformɒtikɒ/
[ ] speech sounds, as in [ˈiɱformɒtikɒ]

ReferencesEdit