Appendix:Slovene pronunciation

The charts below show how Slovene words are pronounced and how this is represented in Wiktionary.

Accent and tone marks are not part of the standard orthography, but are found in dictionaries. The vowel spellings are given in the standard orthography, in the stress-based diacritic orthography and the tonal diacritic orthography respectively. The stress-based orthography is used in Wiktionary entries, while the tonal orthography is given in the "Pronunciation" section of entries. See Wiktionary:About Slovene for more details.

English approximations are in some cases very loose, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See w:Slovene phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

Consonants
IPA Letter Examples nearest English equivalent
b invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː b biti beet
d invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː d dan done
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː ez jazz
f invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː f film film
ɡ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː g gora gore
j invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː j jaz yaw
k invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː k kola cola
l invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː l les less
m invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː m morje more
n invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː n ne no
p invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː p pet pet
r invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː r robot robot (trilled)
ər vrba US: verb (trilled)
s invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː s stol stole
ʃ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː š šola shell
t invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː t tata tatoo
ts invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː c car tsar
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː č čas chess
ʋ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː[1] v voda van
w invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː l (ł[2]), v bil, cerkev water
x invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː h hiba huge
z invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː z zima zoo
ʒ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː ž žaba vision
Vowels
IPA Letter Stress
orth.
Tonal
orth.
Examples nearest English equivalent
a invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː a à, a ȁ, a jàz car
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː á á, ȃ žába father
ə invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː e è, e[3] ə̏, ə̀, ə pès wallet
ɛ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː ȅ, e mèt let
ɛː invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː ê é, ȇ zêmlja there
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː é ẹ́, ẹ̑ kréda late
i invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː i ì, i ȉ, i bìk happy
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː í í, ȋ líst least
ɔ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː o ò, o ȍ, o òn spot
ɔː invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː ô ó, ȏ pôtok thought
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː ó ọ́, ọ̑ mórje goat
u invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː u ù, u ȕ, u krùh book
invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː ú ú, ȗ trúp scoop

TonesEdit

Tones and vowel length
IPA Stress
orth.
Tonal
orth.
Examples explanation
àː á á bráti long vowel with low/rising tone
áː ȃ brȃt long vowel with high/falling tone
à à à short vowel with low/rising tone (appears only on /ə/)
á ȁ brȁt short vowel with high/falling tone

The following tables show the possible combinations of tone/length and vowel quality, given in the three representations used in Wiktionary entries:

IPA
a ɛ e i ɔ o u ər ə
Long low/rising tone àː ɛ̀ː èː ìː ɔ̀ː òː ùː ə̀r
Long high/falling tone áː ɛ́ː éː íː ɔ́ː óː úː ə́r
Short low/rising tone ə̀
Short high/falling tone á ɛ́ í ɔ́ ú ə́
Unstressed a ɛ i ɔ u ər ə
Tonal diacritics
a e i o u r ə
Long low/rising tone á é ẹ́ í ó ọ́ ú ŕ
Long high/falling tone ȃ ȇ ẹ̑ ȋ ȏ ọ̑ ȗ ȓ
Short low/rising tone ǝ̀
Short high/falling tone ȁ ȅ ȉ ȍ ȕ ə̏
Unstressed a e i o u r ə
Stress diacritics
a ê/e é i ô/o ó u r ə
Long low/rising tone á ê é í ô ó ú ŕ
Long high/falling tone
Short low/rising tone à è ì ò ù è[3]
Short high/falling tone
Unstressed a e i o u r e

NotesEdit

  1. ^ V is a light fricative, more precisely transcribed [v] or [v̞]. However, it does not behave as a fricative, in that it does not devoice to [f] before a voiceless consonant, and does not cause preceding voiceless consonants to become voiced.
  2. ^ In the tonal orthography used on Wiktionary, the letter ł is used to indicate the sound /w/ when the spelling has <l>.
  3. 3.0 3.1 In the stress orthography used on Wiktionary, /ə/ is not distinguished from /ɛ/. They are distinguished in the tonal orthography.