Reconstruction:Proto-Balto-Slavic/mā́ˀtē

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This Proto-Balto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Balto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr.

NounEdit

*mā́ˀtē f[1][2][3]

  1. mother

InflectionEdit

Fixed accent.

Declension of *mā́ˀtē (r-stem)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative *mā́ˀtē *mā́ˀtere *mā́ˀteres
Accusative *mā́ˀterin *mā́ˀtere *mā́ˀterins
Genitive *mā́ˀteres *mā́ˀterauš *mā́ˀterōn
Locative *mā́ˀtere *mā́ˀterauš *mā́ˀteršu
Dative *mā́ˀterei *mā́ˀtermāˀ *mā́ˀtermas
Instrumental *mā́ˀtermi *mā́ˀtermāˀ *mā́ˀtermīš
Vocative *mā́ˀte *mā́ˀtere *mā́ˀteres

DescendantsEdit

  • East Baltic:
    • Latgalian: muote
    • Latvian: māte
    • Lithuanian: mótė, motė̃ (Eastern Dzuk and West Aukštaitian dialects)[4]
  • West Baltic:
  • Proto-Slavic: *màti (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kim, Ronald (2018), “The Phonology of Balto-Slavic”, in Jared S. Klein, Brian Joseph, and Matthias Fritz, editors, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook of Language Comparison and the Reconstruction of Indo-European[1], Berlin: de Gruyter, page 1978: “*mā́tē”
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*màti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 303: “*máʔter-”
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “motė”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 323: “*máʔter-”
  4. ^ Illich-Svitych, Vladislav M. (1963) Именная акцентуация в балтийском и славянском: Судьба акцентуационных парадигм [Nominal Accentuation in Baltic and Slavic: The Fate of Accentuation Paradigms]‎[2] (in Russian), Soviet Union; Moscow: Publishing house of the USSR Academy of Sciences, page 76-77: “*mā́tē”