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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/muþraz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *múHtrom (excrement, filth).

NounEdit

*muþraz m[1]

  1. sediment

InflectionEdit

masculine a-stemDeclension of *muþraz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *muþraz *muþrōz, *muþrōs
vocative *muþr *muþrōz, *muþrōs
accusative *muþrą *muþranz
genitive *muþras, *muþris *muþrǫ̂
dative *muþrai *muþramaz
instrumental *muþrō *muþramiz

DescendantsEdit

  • English: mother (sediment, yeast)
  • Middle Dutch: modder (filth, dregs)
    • Dutch: modder (mud), moeder
      • Dutch: moer (sediment formed in alcoholic drinks and vinegar)
  • Middle Low German: modder, modde, mōde (mud)
    • German Low German: modder (mud)
      • German: Modder (mud)
    • Middle High German: moder (mold, swamp)
      • German: Moder (decomposing mass, moldiness)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*muþraz”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 278