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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱéytor

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Athematic Narten root verb of the root *ḱey-.

VerbEdit

*ḱéytor (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to be lying flat

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, athematic, middle only
3rd singular *ḱéytor, *ḱéyor
3rd plural *ḱéyror, *ḱéyn̥tor
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *ḱéyh₂er *ḱéyh₂e *ḱéyoh₂er *ḱéyih₁h₂e
2nd singular *ḱéyth₂er *ḱéyth₂e *ḱéyso *ḱéyeth₂er *ḱéyih₁th₂e
3rd singular *ḱéytor, *ḱéyor *ḱéyto, *ḱéyo *? *ḱéyetor *ḱéyih₁to, *ḱéyih₁o
1st dual *ḱéywosdʰh₂ *ḱéywedʰh₂ *ḱéyowosdʰh₂ *ḱéyih₁wedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *ḱéymosdʰh₂ *ḱéymedʰh₂ *ḱéyomosdʰh₂ *ḱéyih₁medʰh₂
2nd plural *ḱéydʰh₂we *ḱéydʰh₂we *ḱéydʰh₂we *ḱéyedʰh₂we *ḱéyih₁dʰh₂we
3rd plural *ḱéyror, *ḱéyn̥tor *ḱéyro, *ḱéyn̥to *? *ḱéyoror, *ḱéyontor *ḱéyih₁ro, *ḱéyih₁n̥to
Participle *ḱéym̥h₁nos

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ (for the Narten ablaut) Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, pages 133-134
  3. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “ki-tta(ri)”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 548-550