Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰebʰówdʰe

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Reduplicated perfect of *bʰewdʰ-.

VerbEdit

*bʰebʰówdʰe (stative)[1][2][3][4]

  1. to have awareness, to be alert

InflectionEdit

Stative
3rd singular *bʰebʰówdʰe
3rd plural *bʰebʰudʰḗr
Active voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *bʰebʰówdʰh₂e *bʰebʰéwdʰoh₂ *bʰebʰudʰyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *bʰebʰówdʰth₂e *bʰebʰówdʰ, *bʰebʰudʰdʰí *bʰebʰéwdʰesi *bʰebʰudʰyéh₁s
3rd singular *bʰebʰówdʰe *bʰebʰówdʰtu *bʰebʰéwdʰeti *bʰebʰudʰyéh₁t
1st dual *bʰebʰudʰwé *bʰebʰéwdʰowos *bʰebʰudʰih₁wé
2nd dual *? *bʰebʰudʰtóm *bʰebʰéwdʰetes *bʰebʰudʰih₁tóm
3rd dual *? *bʰebʰudʰtā́m *bʰebʰéwdʰetes *bʰebʰudʰih₁tā́m
1st plural *bʰebʰudʰmé *bʰebʰéwdʰomos *bʰebʰudʰih₁mé
2nd plural *bʰebʰudʰé *bʰebʰudʰté *bʰebʰéwdʰete *bʰebʰudʰih₁té
3rd plural *bʰebʰudʰḗr *bʰebʰudʰéntu *bʰebʰéwdʰonti *bʰebʰudʰih₁ént
Participle *bʰebʰudʰwṓs

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “*bheudh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 150-152
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰeu̯dʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 82-83
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πυνθάνομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1258
  4. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bu-n-do-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 83