Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dʰéwgʰti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Athematic root present of the root *dʰewgʰ-.

VerbEdit

*dʰéwgʰti (imperfective)[1]

  1. to be productive

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, athematic, active only
3rd singular *dʰéwgʰti
3rd plural *dʰugʰénti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *dʰéwgʰmi *dʰéwgʰm̥ *dʰéwgʰoh₂ *dʰugʰyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *dʰéwgʰsi *dʰéwgʰs *dʰéwgʰ, *dʰugʰdʰí *dʰéwgʰesi *dʰugʰyéh₁s
3rd singular *dʰéwgʰti *dʰéwgʰt *dʰéwgʰtu *dʰéwgʰeti *dʰugʰyéh₁t
1st dual *dʰugʰwós *dʰugʰwé *dʰéwgʰowos *dʰugʰih₁wé
2nd dual *dʰugʰtés *dʰugʰtóm *dʰugʰtóm *dʰéwgʰetes *dʰugʰih₁tóm
3rd dual *dʰugʰtés *dʰugʰtā́m *dʰugʰtā́m *dʰéwgʰetes *dʰugʰih₁tā́m
1st plural *dʰugʰmós *dʰugʰmé *dʰéwgʰomos *dʰugʰih₁mé
2nd plural *dʰugʰté *dʰugʰté *dʰugʰté *dʰéwgʰete *dʰugʰih₁té
3rd plural *dʰugʰénti *dʰugʰént *dʰugʰéntu *dʰéwgʰonti *dʰugʰih₁ént
Participle *dʰugʰónts

DescendantsEdit

  • Hellenic: *téukʰō
  • Indo-Iranian: *dʰáwgdʰi (to milk) (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN