Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁édti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Athematic root present of the root *h₁ed-.

VerbEdit

*h₁édti (imperfective)[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

  1. to eat

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, athematic
3rd singular *h₁édti
3rd plural *h₁dénti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *h₁édmi *h₁édm̥ *h₁édoh₂ *h₁dyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *h₁édsi *h₁éds *h₁éd, *h₁ddʰí *h₁édesi *h₁dyéh₁s
3rd singular *h₁édti *h₁édt *h₁édtu *h₁édeti *h₁dyéh₁t
1st dual *h₁dwós *h₁dwé *h₁édowos *h₁dih₁wé
2nd dual *h₁dtés *h₁dtóm *h₁dtóm *h₁édetes *h₁dih₁tóm
3rd dual *h₁dtés *h₁dtā́m *h₁dtā́m *h₁édetes *h₁dih₁tā́m
1st plural *h₁dmós *h₁dmé *h₁édomos *h₁dih₁mé
2nd plural *h₁dté *h₁dté *h₁dté *h₁édete *h₁dih₁té
3rd plural *h₁dénti *h₁dént *h₁déntu *h₁édonti *h₁dih₁ént
Participle *h₁dónts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *h₁dh₂ér *h₁dh₂é *h₁édoh₂er *h₁dih₁h₂é
2nd singular *h₁dth₂ér *h₁dth₂é *h₁dsó *h₁édeth₂er *h₁dih₁th₂é
3rd singular *h₁dtór, *h₁dór *h₁dtó, *h₁dó *? *h₁édetor *h₁dih₁tó, *h₁dih₁ó
1st dual *h₁dwósdʰh₂ *h₁dwédʰh₂ *h₁édowosdʰh₂ *h₁dih₁wédʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *h₁dmósdʰh₂ *h₁dmédʰh₂ *h₁édomosdʰh₂ *h₁dih₁médʰh₂
2nd plural *h₁ddʰh₂wé *h₁ddʰh₂wé *h₁ddʰh₂wé *h₁édedʰh₂we *h₁dih₁dʰh₂wé
3rd plural *h₁drór, *h₁dn̥tór *h₁dró, *h₁dn̥tó *? *h₁édoror, *h₁édontor *h₁dih₁ró, *h₁dih₁n̥tó
Participle *h₁dm̥h₁nós

DescendantsEdit

  • Anatolian: *ʔed- ~ *ʔd-[9]
  • Balto-Slavic: *ēˀstei
  • Celtic: *ed-
  • Germanic: *etaną (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hátˢti (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *edō

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*etan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 119
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “edō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 185-186
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*ě̀sti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 154
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “ėsti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 157-158
  5. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  6. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*ed-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 113
  7. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἔδω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 375
  8. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997), “*h₁édmi”, in Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 175
  9. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “ed-zi / ad-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 309-311