This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

From *kap- (head), possibly of substrate origin, or perhaps related to *kap- (seize, hold), + rare suffix *-ut.[1][2]

Noun edit

*káput[3][2][4][5] ~ *kap-wét-s[6][7]

  1. head

Inflection edit

Athematic, proterokinetic
nominative *káput
genitive *kapwéts
singular dual plural
nominative *káput
vocative *káput
accusative *káput
genitive *kapwéts
ablative *kapwéts
dative *kapwétey
locative *kapwét, *kapwéti
instrumental *kapwéth₁

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Germanic: *hafudą ~ *haubeþaz (head) (metathesized < *habweþaz)[6] (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *kaput[8] (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (1996), “Ancient European Loanwords”, in Historische Sprachforschung, volume 109, § 2. Lat. caput etc., page 218-20 of 215–236
  2. 2.0 2.1 Schrijver, Peter (1997), “Animal, vegetable and mineral: some Western European substratum words”, in Lubotsky, A., editor, Sound Law and Analogy[1], Amsterdam/Atlanta, pages 293–316
  3. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “kap-ut”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 529-530
  4. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1991) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Latin (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 2), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 100-101
  5. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 270
  6. 6.0 6.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*ha(u)beda- ~ *ha(u)buda-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 215
  7. ^ Friedrich Kluge (1989), “Haupt”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological Dictionary of the German Language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN
  8. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “caput, -itis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 91