This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *sneygʷʰ- +‎ *-os (thematic performance/action noun). Compare the root noun *snígʷʰs.


*snóygʷʰos m

  1. snow
    Synonyms: *ǵʰéyōm (also “winter”), *snígʷʰs


nominative *snóygʷʰos
genitive *snóygʷʰosyo
singular dual plural
nominative *snóygʷʰos *snóygʷʰoh₁ *snóygʷʰoes
vocative *snóygʷʰe *snóygʷʰoh₁ *snóygʷʰoes
accusative *snóygʷʰom *snóygʷʰoh₁ *snóygʷʰoms
genitive *snóygʷʰosyo *? *snóygʷʰoHom
ablative *snóygʷʰead *? *snóygʷʰomos
dative *snóygʷʰoey *? *snóygʷʰomos
locative *snóygʷʰey, *snóygʷʰoy *? *snóygʷʰoysu
instrumental *snóygʷʰoh₁ *? *snóygʷʰōys


  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *snáigas (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *snaiwaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *snáyǰʰas
    • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *snáyźʰas
      • Sanskrit: स्नेह (snéha, greasiness, slime; body fluid, etc.)
      • Prakrit: siṇēha ("snow")


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  • Watkins, Calvert (1985), “sneigʷh-”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt