This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Root edit


  1. dark
    Synonyms: *h₁regʷ-, *merk-, *(s)ḱeh₃-

Derived terms edit

  • *témH-os ~ témH-es-os
  • *temH-seh₂ (or < *temH-s-eh₂ from *témHos)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *temsā́ˀ
      • Lithuanian: tamsa (darkness)
  • *tm̥H-éh₂
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *timāˀ (see there for further descendants)
Unsorted formations
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *temtei
  • Proto-Slavic: *tomiti (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Celtic:
    • Middle Irish: teim (dark, grey)
  • Proto-Celtic:
    • Irish: temen (dark)