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Reconstruction:Proto-Italic/tenēō

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This Proto-Italic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-ItalicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European stative *tn̥-eh₁-(ye)-, from *ten-.

VerbEdit

*tenēō[1]

  1. to hold

InflectionEdit

Inflection of *tenēō (second conjugation stative)
Present *tenēō
Perfect *tetonai
Past participle *tentos
Present indicative Active Passive
1st sing. *tenēō *tenēōr
2nd sing. *tenēs *tenēzo
3rd sing. *tenēt *tenētor
1st plur. *tenēmos *tenēmor
2nd plur. *tenētes *tenēm(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *tenēnt *tenēntor
Present subjunctive Active Passive
1st sing. *tenēām *tenēār
2nd sing. *tenēās *tenēāzo
3rd sing. *tenēād *tenēātor
1st plur. *tenēāmos *tenēāmor
2nd plur. *tenēātes *tenēām(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *tenēānd *tenēāntor
Perfect indicative Active
1st sing. *tetonai
2nd sing. *tetonistai
3rd sing. *tetone(d)
1st plur. *tetonomos
2nd plur. *tetonistes
3rd plur. *tetonēri
Present imperative Active Passive
2nd sing. *tenē *tenēzo
2nd plur. *tenēte
Future imperative Active
2nd + 3rd sing. *tenētōd
Participles Present Past
*tenēnts *tentos
Verbal nouns tu-derivative s-derivative
*tentum *tenēzi

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill