Reconstruction:Proto-Kartvelian/bard-

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This Proto-Kartvelian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-KartvelianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ačaṙyan derives from Armenian: compare Middle Armenian բարտի (barti, poplar), Armenian բարդի (bardi, poplar), but this is denied by Klimov.

On the other hand, Starostin remarks that if the primary meaning is ‘stick’, a comparison with Proto-Northeast Caucasian *bVrVdV (stick; axe) is attractive. He considers the latter to be an Iranian borrowing. He adds that the influence of another Iranian root, namely *varda- (rose), whence also Old Armenian վարդ (vard), is also possible.

RootEdit

*bard-

  1. undergrowth, brush, bushes

DescendantsEdit

  • Georgian-Zan:
    • Georgian: ბარდი (bardi, undergrowth, brush, bushes)
    • Mingrelian: ბურდი (burdi, undergrowth, brush, bushes)
  • Svan: ბა̈რდ (bärd, stalk, stem of a plant, undergrowth)
  • Abkhaz: а-бард (ā-bārd, thorny undergrowth, brush, bushes)

ReferencesEdit

  • Klimov, G. A. (1998) Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 16), New York, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, page 8
  • Penrixi (Fähnrich), Hainc; Sarǯvelaʒe, Zurab (2000) kartvelur enata eṭimologiuri leksiḳoni [Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Tbilisi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani State University Press, page 95
  • Fähnrich, Heinz (2007) Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch [Kartvelian Etymological Dictionary] (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.18) (in German), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 50
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բարտի”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 430b
  • Starostin, S. A. (2005), “*bard”, in Kartvelian etymological database compiled on the basis of G. Klimov's and Fähnrich-Sarjveladze's etymological dictionaries of Kartvelian languages