Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/kopanь

This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

Deverbial action noun of *kopati (to dig) +‎ *-nь, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kep-. Akin to Ancient Greek κόπανος m (kópanos, bat), κόπανον n (kópanon, vessel for braying), whence comes the Late Balkan Slavic loanword копанъ (kopanŭ, bat for laundry; poultry leg) encountered in Bulgarian and Macedonian.

Noun edit

*kȍpanь f

  1. digging
    Synonyms: *oranь, *rovenьje
  2. ditch
    → (by extension) hollow, pit, trough
    Synonyms: *хorlupa, *dьgna, *jama, *dupa

Declension edit

Related terms edit

  • *kopъ m (earthwork, act of digging)
  • *kopьna (plowed land)

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1984), “*kopanь”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 11 (*konьcь – *kotьna(ja)), Moscow: Nauka, page 16
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1986), “копан¹ (bat for laundry)”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3 (крес¹ – мѝнго¹), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 608
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1986), “копаня”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3 (крес¹ – мѝнго¹), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 609