This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Older references reconstruct *ńeele-, mainly based on Finnic.



  1. to swallow

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • Samoyedic
    • Nenets
      • Tundra Nenets: ня̆лӑмзь (ńāllāmz')
  • Ugric:
    • Hungarian: nyel
    • Khanty:
      • Northern, Eastern: нел (nel)
      • Southern: [script needed] (ńet-)
    • Mansi:
      • Northern: нялти (nâlti)
      • Eastern: [script needed] (ńöält-)
      • Southern: [script needed] (ńält-)
  • Permic:
  • Mari:
  • Mordvinic:
  • Samic: *ńielëtēk; (*ńäl-kä >) *ńālkē (see there for further descendants)
  • Finnic: *neeldäk; (*ńäl-kä >) *nälkä (see there for further descendants)


  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. →ISBN.

External linksEdit

  • Entry #619 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.