This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Borrowed from Proto-Tocharian *ḿətə, from Proto-Indo-European *médʰu. One of the words found only within the traditional Finno-Ugric group.

It is not clear if the Mari words are inherited, as loss of *-t- would be irregular (contrast the development in *pata, *wete). UEW suggests the possibility of deriving them from a separate root *mäkɜ, while another possibility is loaning from Permic.



  1. honey


  • Proto-Finno-Permic:
    • Proto-Finnic: *meci (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-Samic: *mietë (see there for further descendants)
    • Mari: (perhaps)
      • Eastern Mari: мӱй (müj)
      • Western Mari: мӱ ()
    • Proto-Mordvinic:
    • Proto-Permic: *må
      • Komi:
        • Komi-Permyak: ма (ma)
        • Komi-Zyrian: ма (ma)
      • Udmurt: му (mu)
  • Proto-Ugric:

See alsoEdit


  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka (1988), “Historical Phonology of the Uralic Languages”, in Denis, Sinor, editor, The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, Leiden: E. J. Brill, →ISBN, pages 478-554

External linksEdit