Borrowed from Ancient Greek Τύρας (Túras), from Scythian tūra (quick, rapid, strong), from an Indo-Iranian root shared with Sanskrit तुर (tura, quick, strong), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *teur (strong). Compare the Gallic settlement Autricum.

Also spelled as Τύρις (Túris) and survived in Turkish as Turla.

View of the river


Proper nounEdit

Tyrās m sg (genitive Tyrae); first declension

  1. A river in Sarmatia, the Dniester


First-declension noun (masculine Greek-type with nominative singular in -ās), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Tyrās
Genitive Tyrae
Dative Tyrae
Accusative Tyrān
Ablative Tyrā
Vocative Tyrā


  • Tyras in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • Tyras in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Tyras in William Smith, editor, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly, 1854, 1857
  • Herod. iv. 11, 47, 82; Scylax, p. 29; Strab. i. p. 14; Mela, ii. 1, etc.; also Schaffarik, Slav. Alterth. i. p. 505.
  • Archaeology and Language I: Theoretical and Methodological Orientations (2003), p. 297