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List of references in Chinese entries ({{zh-ref}}):

AEdit

BEdit

  • Bai, Wanru (白宛如) (1980), “广州话本字考”, in Fangyan, issue 3, pages 209–223
  • Bailey, Harold Walter (1979) Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN
  • Ban, Chao (班弨); Su, Ruoyang (蘇若陽) (2017), ““荔枝”源于侗台语考 [A Textual Research on the Kam-Tai Origin of Lizhi “Lychee”]”, in Minority Languages of China, issue 4, pages 54–61
  • Bauer, Robert S. (1987), “In Search of Austro-Tai Strata in Southern Chinese Dialects”, in Computational Analyses of Asian and African Languages, issue 28, pages 53–65
  • Bauer, Robert S. (1991), “Sino-Tibetan *Vulva”, in Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, volume 14, issue 1, pages 147–172
  • Bauer, Robert S. (1994), “Sino-Tibetan *kolo 'Wheel'”, in Sino-Platonic Papers, issue 47
  • Bauer, Robert S. (1996). “Identifying the Tai substratum in Cantonese”, Pan-Asiatic Linguistics: Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Languages and Linguistics, January 8-10, 1996, ed. Mahāwitthayālai Mahidon. Sathāban Wičhai Phāsā læ Watthanatham phư̄a Phatthanā Chonnabot. Salaya, Thailand: Institute of Language and Culture for Rural Development, Mahidol University, pp. 1806–1844.
  • Baxter, William H. (1992) A Handbook of Old Chinese Phonology, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, →ISBN
  • Baxter, William H.; Sagart, Laurent (1998), “Word formation in Old Chinese”, in Jerome Packard, editor, New Approaches to Chinese Word Formation: Morphology, Phonology and the Lexicon in Modern and Ancient Chinese, pages 35–76
  • Baxter, William H.; Sagart, Laurent (2014) Old Chinese: A New Reconstruction, New York: Oxford University Press
  • Baxter, William H.; Sagart, Laurent (2017), “Old Chinese reconstruction: A response to Schuessler”, in Diachronica, volume 34, issue 4, pages 559–576.
  • Beckwith, Christopher I. (2009) Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present, Princeton University Press
  • Benedict, Paul (1972). Sino-Tibetan: A Conspectus. Princeton/Cambridge Studies in Chinese Linguistics, Issue 2.
  • Benedict, Paul (1976), “Sino-Tibetan: Another Look”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society, volume 96, issue 2, pages 167–197
  • Benedict, Paul (1979), “Four Forays into Karen Linguistic History”, in Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, volume 5, issue 1, pages 1–35
  • Benedict, Paul (1986), “Archaic Chinese initials”, in Wang Li Memorial Volumes: English Volume, pages 25–71
  • Benedict, Paul (1990), “Austroasiatic loanwords in Sino-Tibetan”, in Mon-Khmer Studies Journal, issue 18–19, pages 1–13
  • Bi, Xinwei (畢新偉) (2013), “「她」字的來源與女性主體性——評《「她」字的文化史》 [The Origins of “She” and Female Subjectivity: A Review of «The Cultural History of “She”»]”, in 二十一世紀, page 139
  • Blench, Roger (2014). Reconstructing Austroasiatic prehistory. Unpublished.
  • Blench, Roger (2012), “Vernacular Names for Taro in the Indo-Pacific Region: Implications for Centres of Diversification and Spread”, in Senri Ethnological Studies, volume 78, pages 21–43
  • Bodman, Nicholas (1980), “Proto-Chinese and Sino-Tibetan: Data Towards Establishing the Nature of the Relationship”, in Frans van Coetsem and Linda R. Waugh, editor, Contributions to Historical Linguistics: Issues and Materials, Leiden, pages 34–199
  • Boodberg, Peter A. (1937), “Some Proleptical Remarks on the Evolution of Archaic Chinese”, in Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, volume 2, issue 3/4, pages 329–372
  • Bray, Francesca (1981), “Millet cultivation in China: a historical survey”, in Journal d'agriculture traditionnelle et de botanique appliquée, volume 28, issue 3, pages 291–307

CEdit

  • Carr, Michael (1990), “Chinese Dragon Names”, in Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, volume 13, issue 2, pages 87–189
  • Chamberlain, James R. (1977). An Introduction To Proto-Tai Zoology. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan.
  • Chan, Hsien-tz'u (詹憲慈) (1995) 《廣州語本字》 [The Source Words of Colloquial Cantonese], Hong Kong: Chinese University Press
  • Chan, Pak Fai (陳伯煇) (1998) 《論粵方言詞本字考釋》, Hong Kong: Zhonghua Book Company
  • Chen, Qingying (陈庆英) (1999), “《汉文“西藏”一词的来历简说》”, in 《燕京学报》, issue 6
  • Chen, Xiaojin (陈晓锦) (2010) 《泰国的三个汉语方言》, Guangzhou: Jinan University Press, →ISBN
  • Chen, Zhongmin (陈忠敏); Pan, Wuyun (潘悟云) (1999). 论吴语的人称代词. In: Rulong Li (李如龙); Song Hing Chang (张双庆) (editors), 《代词》. Guangzhou: Jinan University Press.
  • Cheng, Chun-yuan (程俊源) (2014). 客家「新婦」之地理圖像. Published for 語言文化分佈與族群遷徙工作坊 (Workshop on the Relationship between Racial Migration and Distribution of Languages or Cultures).
  • Cheng, Hsiao-feng (鄭曉峯) (2010), “客家話的語言地理學研究:海陸話「韶早」的來源 [The Origin of shau5-tso2 ‘tomorrow’ in Hailu Hakka: A Linguistic Geography Approach]”, in Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies, volume 40, issue 4, pages 713–733
  • Chi, Hsu-Sheng (季旭昇) (2010) 《說文新證》, Fuzhou: Fujian People's Publishing House
  • Chmielewski, Janusz (1958), “The problem of early Loan-words in Chinese as illustrated by the word p'u-t'ao.”, in Rocznik Orientalistyczny, volume 22, issue 2, pages 7–45
  • Chiu, Kaiming (裘開明) (1936), “The Introduction of Spectacles Into China”, in Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, volume 1, issue 2, pages 186–193
  • Chiu, Yun-ju (邱韻如) (2015), “《明清眼鏡之文本溯源與時空背景探查》 [Tracing the Origin of Eyeglasses in China by Analyzing Texts and Historico-geographical Background]”, in 中華科技史學會學刊, issue 20, pages 55–71
  • Chu, Taisong (儲泰松) (2002), “「和尚」的語源及其形義的演變 [Etymology of ‘Heshang’ and The Evolution of Its Forms and Meaning]”, in Studies in Language and Linguistics, issue 1, pages 83–90
  • Clauson, Sir Gerald (1972) An Etymological Dictionary of Pre-Thirteenth-Century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Clements, Jonathan (2014) An Armchair Traveller's History of the Silk Road, Haus Publishing, →ISBN
  • Coblin, W. South (1986) A Sinologist's Handlist of Sino-Tibetan Lexical Comparisons, Nettetal: Steyler Verlag
  • Coblin, W. South (1994), “A Compendium of Phonetics in Northwest Chinese”, in Journal of Chinese Linguistics Monograph Series, issue 7, pages 1–117, 119–504
  • Coblin, W. South (n.d.). A Short Piece on Mǐn Etymology.

DEdit

  • Demiéville, P. (1950), “Archaïsmes de prononciation en chinois vulgaire.”, in T'oung Pao, issue 40, pages 1–59
  • DeLancey, Scott (2011). "On the Origins of Sinitic". In: Zhuo Jing-Schmidt (editor), Proceedings of the 23rd North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics (NACCL-23), volume 1, pp. 51–64. Eugene: University of Oregon.
  • Deng, Xiaohua (鄧曉華) (1994), “南方漢語中的古南島語成分”, in 《民族語文》 [Minority Languages of China], issue 3, pages 36–40
  • Dictionary Editing Office, Institute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (中国科学院语言研究所词典编辑室), editors (1973) 《现代汉语词典》 [A Dictionary of Current Chinese], Shiyongben (试用本) edition, Beijing: Commercial Press
  • Dictionary Editing Office, Institute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (中国社会科学院语言研究所词典编辑室), editors (2016) 《现代汉语词典》 [A Dictionary of Current Chinese], Seventh edition, Beijing: Commercial Press
  • Donkin, Robin Arthur (2003) Between East and West: The Moluccas and the Traffic in Spices Up to the Arrival of Europeans, American Philosophical Society, →ISBN

FEdit

  • Feng, Chuntian (馮春田) (1997), “漢語複數詞尾“們”來源試說”, in 《俗語言研究》, issue 4, pages 76–85
  • Ferlus, Michel (1999), “Phonétique historique et écriture du chinois. Réflexions à propos de la série phonogrammique GSR 94”, in Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, volume 22, issue 2, pages 1–20
  • Ferlus, Michel (2009). “Formation of Ethnonyms in Southeast Asia”. 42nd International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics, Chiang Mai: 1–6.
  • Ferlus, Michel (2010), “The Austroasiatic vocabulary for rice: its origin and expansion”, in Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, volume 3, issue 2, pages 61–76
  • Ferlus, Michel (2013). “The sexagesimal cycle, from China to Southeast Asia”. 23rd Annual Conference of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Fu, Tianzhi (符天志) (2015). “三亚”地名源于黎语的考证. In: 《现代青年 (细节版)》. 10.
  • Fuehrer, Bernhard and and Yang, Hsiu-fang (2014); with Wen, Zhihao and Cheng, Mei-chuan. Southern Hokkien: An Introduction. National Taiwan University Press.

GEdit

  • Gan, Yu'en (甘于恩) (1997), “广东粤方言人称代词的单复数形式”, in Zhongguo Yuwen, issue 5, pages 351–354
  • Gong, Hwang-cherng (龔煌城) (1995). The System of Finals in Proto-Sino-Tibetan. In: William S-Y. Wang (editor), The Ancestry of the Chinese Language, Journal of Chinese Linguistics Monograph Series No. 8, pp. 41–92. Berkeley, California: Project on Linguistic Analysis.
  • Gong, Hwang-cherng (龔煌城) (2000). 從漢藏語的比較看上古漢語的詞頭問題 (“Prefixes in Old Chinese from the Perspective of Sino-Tibetan Comparative Studies”). Language and Linguistics 1.2: 39–62.
  • Gong, Hwang-cherng (龔煌城) (2002). 《漢藏語研究論文集》 (Collected Papers on Sino-Tibetan Linguistics). Taipei: Institute of Linguistics (Preparatory Office), Academia Sinica.
  • Guo, Bizhi (郭必之) (2003). 香港粤语疑问代词“点[tim³⁵]”的来源 (The Origin of the Hong Kong Cantonese Interrogative Pronoun [tim³⁵] (点)). In: 《语言学论丛》编委会, 《语言学论丛》, volume 27. Beijing: Commercial Press.
  • Guo, Moruo (郭沫若) (1931). 《甲骨文字研究》. Republished by 科學出版社, 1982.
  • Guo, Moruo (郭沫若) (1945). 《十批判書》. Republished by 人民出版社, 1982.

HEdit

  • Handel, Zev Joseph (1997). A snake in the grass: an exploration of a slippery Sino-Tibetan etymon. 30th International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics. Beijing.
  • Handel, Zev Joseph (1998). The Medial Systems of Old Chinese and Proto-Sino-Tibetan. Ph. D. dissertation. University of California, Berkeley.
  • Handel, Zev Joseph (2008), “What is Sino-Tibetan? Snapshot of a Field and a Language Family in Flux”, in Language and Linguistics Compass, issue 2/3, pages 422–441
  • Handel, Zev Joseph (2009). Old Chinese Medials and Their Sino-Tibetan Origins: A Comparative Study. Language and Linguistics Monograph Series A18. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica.
  • Hashimoto, Mantaro (橋本萬太郎) (1978) 言語類型地理論 (Gengo ruikei chiri-ron) [Typological and Geographical Linguistics], Kōbundō
  • He, Linyi (何琳儀) (1998) 《戰國古文字典——戰國文字聲系》, Beijing: 中華書局
  • [HFC] Peking University, Department of Chinese Language and Literature. (北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室), editor ((Can we date this quote?)) 《漢語方言詞彙》 [Chinese Dialectal Lexicon], 2nd edition, Beijing: Yuwen Press, →ISBN
  • Hill, Nathan W. (2014), “Cognates of Old Chinese *-n, *-r, and *-j in Tibetan and Burmese”, in Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale, issue 43, pages 91–109
  • Hong, Zhenhuan (洪震寰) (1994), “《眼镜在中国之发始考》”, in 《中国科技史料》, volume 15, issue 1, pages 71–75
  • Hsu, Dong-Bo (徐東伯) (2009), “The syllable in Old Chinese: sub-syllabic processes, syllable structure, and the status of medial glides”, in Journal of East Asian Linguistics, issue 18, page 361
  • Hu, Qingying (胡慶英) (2013). 「漣漪」考證. 華中人文論叢. 4 (01): 70–73.
  • Huang, Diancheng (黃典誠) (1980), “閩語人字的本義 [Original Meaning of the Word for “Person” in Min]”, in Fangyan, issue 4
  • Huang, Xiaoya (黃小婭) (2011), “试论广州方言的基本特征词“煲””, in Journal of Jinan University (Philosophy and Social Sciences), issue 3, pages 45–149
  • Huang, Xingtao (黃興濤); Chen, Peng (陳鵬) (2010), “《近代中国“黄色”词义变异考析》”, in 《历史研究》, issue 6, pages 83–89

JEdit

  • Jacques, Guillaume (向柏霖) (2015). Dictionnaire Japhug-chinois-français 《嘉绒—汉—法词典》. Version 1.0. Paris: Project HimalCo.
  • Jacques, Guillaume (2004). Phonologie et Morphologie du Japhug (rGyalrong). Ph.D. Dissertation. Paris VIII University.
  • Jiang, Lansheng (江藍生) (1995), “说“麽”与“们”同源”, in 《中國語文》 [Studies of the Chinese Language], issue 3, pages 180–190
  • Johnson, Rubellite K., and Bryce G. Decker (1980), “Implications of the Distribution of Names for Cotton (Gossypium Spp.) in the Indo-Pacific.”, in Asian Perspectives, volume 23, issue 2, pages 249–307

KEdit

  • Karlgren, Bernhard (1933), “Word Families in Chinese”, in Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, issue 5, pages 9–120
  • Karlgren, Bernhard (1957) Grammata serica recensa, Stockholm
  • Keightley, David N. (1995), “Neolithic and Shang Periods”, in Journal of Asian Studies, volume 54, issue 1, pages 128–145
  • Klöter, Henning (2005) Written Taiwanese, Harrassowitz Verlag
  • Kong, Zhongnan (孔仲南) (1933). 廣東俗語考. Republished by Shanghai Literature and Art Publishing House, 1992.
  • Kwok, Bit-Chee (郭必之); Chin, Andy (錢志安); Tsou, Benjamin K. (鄒嘉彥) (2008), “粤语“阳入对转“词的底层来源 [The substrata of nasal and stop ending alternations in Yue dialect]”, in 《民族语文》, issue 4, pages 51–60
  • Kwok, Bit-Chee (郭必之) (2018) Southern Mǐn: Comparative Phonology and Subgrouping, Routledge

LEdit

  • LaPolla, Randy J. (1994), “Variable finals in Proto-Sino-Tibetan”, in Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, volume 65, issue 1, pages 131–173
  • Laufer, Berthold (1914) Chinese clay figures, part I: Prolegomena on the history of defensive armor, Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History
  • Laufer, Berthold (1919) Sino-Iranica: Chinese Contributions to the History of Civilization in Ancient Iran, With Special Reference to the History of Cultivated Plants and Products[1], Field Museum of Natural History
  • Laufer, Berthold (1967). Sino-Iranica. Volume 201 of Publication: Field Museum of Natural History. Рипол Классик. →ISBN.
  • Li, Guangyi (李乐毅) (1996). 《简化字源》 [The Origins of Simplified Chinese Characters]. Beijing: Sinolingua (华语教学出版). →ISBN
  • Li, Jinfang (李錦芳) (1990), “粤语中的壮侗语族语言底层初析”, in Journal of Minzu University of China (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition, issue 6, pages 71–76
  • Li, Jinfang (李錦芳) (1995). 百越地名及其文化蕴意. 《中央民族大学学报》, 1.
  • Li, Jinfang (李錦芳) (2002) 《侗台语言与文化》 [Tai-Kadai Languages and Cultures], Publishing House of Minority Nationalities
  • Li, Lan (李藍) (2013). 再論“們”的來源. In: Guangshun Cao, Hilary Chappell, Redouane Djamouri and Thekla Wiebusch (editors), Breaking Down the Barriers: Interdisciplinary Studies in Chinese Linguistics and Beyond. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica.
  • Li, Ru-long (李如龍) (1997) 《福建方言》, Fuzhou: Fujian People's Publishing House
  • Li, Ru-long (李如龍) (1999). 闽南方言的代词. In: Li Ru-long (李如龙) and Chang Song-hing (张双庆) (editors), 《代词》. Guangzhou: Jinan University Press. 263–288.
  • Li, Ru-long (李如龍) (2005), “关于东南方言的 “底层” 研究 [On the Substratum in Southeast Chinese Dialects]”, in 《民族语文》, issue 5, pages 1–15
  • Li, Ru-long (李如龍) (2017), “说“闽” [On ‘MIN’]”, in Journal of Xiamen University (Arts & Social Sciences), issue 6, pages 104–110
  • Li, Xiaorong (李小榮) (1998), ““娄罗之辨”与梵语四流音”, in 《中國語文》, issue 6, page 451
  • Li, Xingjian (李行建), editor (2014) 《现代汉语规范词典》 [A Standard Dictionary of Current Chinese], Third edition, Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
  • Li, Xueqin (李學勤) (2012) 《字源》, Tianjin: 天津古籍出版社
  • Li, Yan (李豔) (2012), “《說文解字》所收「芍」、「芡」、「蔆」疏解 [Explanation on “Shao”, “Qian” and “Ling” in Shuo Wen Jie Zi”]”, in 《農業考古》 [Agricultural Archaeology], issue 1, pages 195–198
  • Li, Y.-H. Audrey (李豔惠); Shi, Yuzhi (石毓智) (2000), “汉语量词系统的建立与复数标记“们”的发展”, in Contemporary Linguistics, issue 1, pages 27–36
  • Lian, Chun-zhao (練春招) (2001), “客家方言与南方少数民族语言共同词语考略 [The Textual Research of Common Words in Hakka Dialect and Minority Languages in South China]”, in Journal of Jiaying University (Philosophy & Social Sciences), volume 19, issue 2, pages 107–113
  • Lin, Yiguang (林義光) (1920). 《文源》. Republished by 中西書局, 2012.
  • Liu, Xunning (劉勛寧) (1985), “現代漢語句尾「了」的來源”, in 《方言》, issue 2, pages 128–133
  • Lo, Yu-chih (羅玉芝) (2012). 臺灣客家話的閩南語借詞及其共同詞研究 (The Loanwords of Taiwanese Hakka Dialects from the Southern Min Dialect and the Words Common to Both) (thesis). National Central University.
  • Löffler, Lorenz G. (1960), “Khami/Khumi-Vokabulare: Vorstudie zu einer sprachwissenschaftlichen Untersuchung”, in Anthropos, issue 55, pages 505–557
  • Löffler, Lorenz G. (1966), “The Contribution of Mru to Sino-Tibetan Linguistics”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, volume 116, issue 1, pages 118–159
  • Louie, Kin-sheun; Liu, Kam-biu (2003), “Earliest historical records of typhoons in China”, in Journal of Historical Geography, volume 29, issue 3), pages 299–316
  • Luo, Changpei (羅常培) (1950) 《語言與文化》 [Language and Culture], Beijing University Press
  • Lü, Shuxiang (呂叔湘) (1940). 释您,俺,咱,喒,附论们字. Republished in Lü, Shuxiang (呂叔湘) (2002). 《吕叔湘全集第二卷:汉语语法论文集》. Shenyang: Liaoning Education Press.
  • Lü, Shuxiang (呂叔湘) (1943). 论底、地之辨及底字的由来. Republished in Lü, Shuxiang (呂叔湘) (2002). 《吕叔湘全集第二卷:汉语语法论文集》. Shenyang: Liaoning Education Press.
  • Lü, Shuxiang (呂叔湘) (1985) 《近代汉语指代词》, Shanghai: Xuelin Publishing House
  • Luo, Meizhen (1992). “A second discussion of the genetic classification of the Kam-Tai languages: a reply to Benedict”. In C.J. Compton and J.F. Hartmann (Ed.), Papers on Tai languages, Linguistics, and Literatures, 44–54. Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University.
  • Luo, Zhengping (羅正平) (1960), “广州方言词汇探源”, in Studies of the Chinese Language, issue 3, pages 129–134
  • Luo, Zhenyu (羅振玉) (1927) 《增訂殷虛書契考釋三卷》, 東方學會

MEdit

  • Maclay, Rev. R. S.; Baldwin, Rev. C. C.; Leger, Rev. S. H. (1929) Dictionary of the Foochow Dialect, Shanghai: The Presbyterian Mission Press
  • Mahdi, Waruno. (1994), “Some Austronesian Maverick Protoforms with Culture-Historical Implications: I”, in Oceanic Linguistics, volume 33, issue 1), pages 167–229
  • Mai, Yun (麦耘) (2017), “广州话歪斜义的[꜂mε]本字考”, in Fangyan, issue 4, pages 503
  • Mair, Victor H. (1990), “Old Sinitic *Mʸag, Old Persian Maguš and English Magician”, in Early China, issue 15, pages 27–47
  • Mair, Victor H. (2012), “The Earliest Identifiable Written Chinese Character”, in Martin E. Huld, Karlene Jones-Bley & Dean Miller., editors, Archaeology and Language: Indo-European Studies Presented to James P. Mallory, Washington, D.C.: Institute for the Study of Man, pages 265–279
  • Mair, Victor H. (2013), “Was There a Xià Dynasty?”, in Sino-Platonic Papers, issue 238
  • Manomaivibool, Prapin (1975). A study of Sino-Thai lexical correspondences. Thesis (Ph.D.), University of Washington.
  • Matisoff, James A. (1980). “Stars, Moon, and Spirits: Bright Beings of the Night in Sino-Tibetan”. Gengo Kenkyu 77: 1–45.
  • Matisoff, James A. (1995). “Sino-Tibetan Palatal Suffixes Revisited”. In: Nishi, Y., Matisoff, J. A. and Nagano, Y. (editors), Senri Ethnological Studies. 41: 35–91.
  • Mei, Tsu-lin (梅祖麟) (1980). “Chinese and the languages of Southeast Asia”. Association for Asian Studies Conference.
  • Mei, Tsu-lin (梅祖麟) (1985). “Some Examples of Prenasals and *s-nasals in Sino-Tibetan”. In: Thurgood, G., Matisoff, J. A. and Bradley, D. (editors), Linguistics of the Sino-Tibetan Area: The State of The Art. Papers presented to Paul K. Benedict for his 71st birthday. C-87: 334–343. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University.
  • Mei, Tsu-lin (梅祖麟) (1993). 南北朝的江東方言和現代方言. Paper for the 2nd International Conference on Chinese Linguistics, Paris.
  • Mei, Tsu-lin (梅祖麟) (1988), “詞尾「底」、「的」的來源 [The Origin of the Particle 'te' 的 and 'ti' 底]”, in Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology Academia Sinica, volume 59, issue 1, pages 141–172
  • Mei, Tsu-lin (梅祖麟) (2008), “上古汉语动词浊清别义的来源——再论原始汉藏语*s-前缀的使动化构词功用 [The Original Differences of the Verbs with Voiced and Voiceless Initials in Ancient Chinese]”, in Minority Languages of China, issue 3, pages 3–20
  • Mei, Tsu-lin (梅祖麟) (2015), “試釋《顏氏家訓》裡的「南染吳越,北雜夷虜」──兼論現代閩語的來源”, in Language and Linguistics, volume 16, issue 2, pages 119–138
  • Mei, Tsu-lin (梅祖麟); Yang, Hsiu-Fang (楊秀芳) (1995), “幾個閩語語法成份的時間層次 [Chronological Strata in the Grammar of the Min Dialects]”, in Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology Academia Sinica, volume 66issue=1, pages 1–21
  • Miyake, Marc (2015) Old Chinese type A/type B in areal perspective: Recent Advances in Old Chinese Phonology beyond Boundaries A talk given at Recent Advances in Old Chinese Historical Phonology held at SOAS, University of London, 5-6 November 2015, under the auspices of the European Research Council Grant Beyond Boundaries: Religion, Region, Language and the State.

NEdit

  • Needham, Joseph (1962). Science and Civilisation in China. Cambridge: University Press. 4 (1).
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  • Norman, Jerry (1985). A Note on the Origin of the Chinese Duodenary Cycle. In: Graham Thurgood; James A. Matisoff; David Bradley (editors), Linguistics of the Sino-Tibetan Area: The State of the Art: 85–89. Pacific Linguistics, Series C 87.
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OEdit

  • Ōta, Tatsuo (太田辰夫) (2003). 中国语历史文法 (A Historical Grammar of Modern Chinese). 2nd edition. Translated by Shaoyu Jiang (蔣紹愚) and Changhua Xu (徐昌華). Beijing: Peking University Press.
  • Ōta, Itsuku (太田斎) (2013). 《北方方言“蚯蚓”的对应词》. In: Cao, Zhiyun (ed.), 《汉语方言的地理语言学研究》. Beijing: Shangwu Yinshuguan.
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PEdit

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  • Qiao, Quansheng (喬全生); Yu, Yuelong (余躍龍) (2008). 《「圐圙」、「得腦」並非借自蒙語》 (“Kulue” and “De’nao” are not words borrowed from Mongolian). 6th Chinese lexical semantics workshop.
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REdit

  • Ratliff, Martha (2010) Hmong–Mien language history, Canberra, Australia: Pacific Linguistics, →ISBN
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SEdit

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  • Tu, Chia-Lun (杜佳倫) (2018). 再論閩南, 閩東指稱男女性別的語詞來源――兼為吳守禮教授諸母, 丈夫說補證 (The Chinese Cognates of Some Words for Female and Male in Southern and Eastern Min). 《臺灣語文研究》, 13(2): 155-200.

UEdit

  • Unger, Ulrich (1982–1995). Hao-ku 好古: Sinologische Rundbriefe. Münster.

VEdit

WEdit

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  • Wang, Hongjun (王洪君) (2016). “脖 ɡěnɡ 子”的 ɡěnɡ 应该选哪个字?. Studies of the Chinese Language. 5: 630–632.
  • Wang, Hui (王暉) (2009). 古文字中“𪊓”字与麒麟原型考——兼论麒麟圣化为灵兽的原因 (The Ancient Character (Lin) and the Prototype of Kylin: Also on the Reason for Kylin Sacramentalized as a Holy Beast). Journal of Beijing Normal University (Social Sciences), 2, 64–75.
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  • Wang, Li (王力) (2000). 《王力古漢語字典》. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.
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  • Wu, Wei (伍巍); Wu, Fang (吳芳) (2008). 亲属排行“满”、“晚”源流浅溯 (“The discuss on expressing wan () as last”). Journal of Jinan University (Philosophy and Social Sciences), 6: 111–115.
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XEdit

  • Xia, Zhengnong (夏征農); Chen, Zhili (陳至立) (editors) (2009). 《辭海》 (Cihai). Sixth edition in colour. Shanghai: Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House.
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YEdit

  • Yan, Xiuhong (嚴修鴻) (2000). 从南方方言里“肾、䟗、睡"白读音看禅母古读. 《语文研究》. 4: 53–59.
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  • Yang, Hsiu-Fang (楊秀芳) (2016). 論「穿著」義動詞「上」及其在閩語的反映 (The Shang ‘To Put On’ and Its Reflection in Modern Min Chinese). 《臺大中文學報》. 54: 1–58.
  • Yang, Rongxiang (杨荣祥) (2016). 论“底”来源于“者” (On the Derivation of ‘di’ from ‘zhe’ ). In: Tiziana Lippiello, Chen Yuehong and Maddalena Barenghi (editors), Linking Ancient and Contemporary: Continuities and Discontinuities in Chinese Literature, 367–378. Venice: Edizioni Ca’ Foscari.
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  • Yu, Min (俞敏) (1989). 《古汉语的人称代词》. In: 《俞敏语言学论文集》. Harbin: Heilongjiang People’s Publishing House.
  • Yu, Xin (余欣) (2012). 《屈支灌与游仙枕——龟兹异物及其文化想像》. 《龟兹学研究》. 5.
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ZEdit

  • Zhan, Bohui (詹伯慧); Qiu, Xueqiang (丘學強) (2003). 广东粤方言的共同特点述略. In, Zhan, Bohui (詹伯慧) (main editor), 《第八届国际粤方言研讨会论文集》. Beijing: China Social Sciences Press.
  • Zhang, Hongming (張洪明) (1998). “Chinese Etyma for River” (《漢語河流詞源考》). Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 26 (1): 1–47.
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  • Zhang, Huiying (張惠英) (2001). 《汉语方言代词硏究》. Beijing: Language and Culture Press.
  • Zhang, Ling (張鈴) (2012). orient、東洋(とうよう)と東方(ドンファン):orientという語の訳語から日中両国の自己のあり方を探る. 漢字文化研究: 漢検漢字文化研究奨励賞受賞論文集, 3: 53–67.
  • Zhang, Rongrong (張榮榮) (2016). 粤方言词“煲”来源考辩 (The Origin of the Cantonese Word “bao”). Linguistic Sciences, 15 (4): 439–448.
  • Zhang, Rongrong (張榮榮), Li, Wei (李煒) (2017). 粤方言词“焗”来源考辨. 《语文研究》, 3: 56–59.
  • Zhang, Shichao (張世超); Sun, Ling'an (孫凌安); Jin, Guotai (金國泰), Ma, Rusen (馬如森) (1996). 《金文形義通解》. Kyoto: 中文出版社.
  • Zhang, Shuangqing (張雙慶) (2002). 粵語的特徵詞 (Characteristic Words of Cantonese), in: Li Rulong (李如龍), 《漢語方言特徵詞研究》 (Characteristic Words of Chinese Dialects). Xiamen: Xiamen University Press. →ISBN.
  • Zhang, Tingting (張婷婷); Shen, Huaixing (沈懷興) (2014). “非双声叠韵联绵词”问题辨疑——以黄廖本《现代汉语》例词为例. 《現代語文》 (Modern Chinese). 8.
  • Zhang, Yingxue (張迎雪); Xiang, Mengbing (項夢冰) (2016). 汉语方言里的西红柿 (The Names of Tomatoes in Chinese Dialects). Modern Linguistics, 4(3): 56–80.
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  • Zhao, Hualun (趙華倫) (2006). 葡萄緣何稱「提子」 (Why grape is called “tizi”). 《咬文嚼字》第11期.
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  • Zhao, Rixin (赵日新) (2018). 北京话并列连词hàn、hài的来源. 《方言》 (1): 5–17. ISSN 0257-0203
  • Zheng, Wei (郑伟) (2008). 闽语, 侗台语给予义 “与” 字的音韵层次及年代问题 (The Chronological and Phonological Strata of yu (与) in Min Dialect and Kam-Tai Languages). 《语言科学》. 7: 320-328.
  • Zhengzhang, Shangfang (鄭張尚芳) (1990). 古吴越地名中的侗台语成份. In: 《民族语文》, 6: 16-18.
  • Zhengzhang, Shangfang (鄭張尚芳) (2002). 漢語方言異常音讀的分層及滯古層次分析. In: 《南北是非:漢語方言的差異與變化》. Taipei: Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica. 97–128.
  • Zhengzhang, Shangfang (鄭張尚芳) (2003). 上古音系 (Old Chinese Phonology). Shanghai: Shanghai Education Press. →ISBN.
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  • Zhou, Yimin (周一民) (2002). 现代北京话研究 (Xiandai Beijinghua Yanjiu). Beijing: Beijing Normal University Press. →ISBN.

Routinely consulted dictionariesEdit

  • Dictionary Editing Office, Institute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, ed. (2016-09-01). Xiandai Hanyu Cidian (现代汉语词典) [Dictionary of Modern Chinese]. Seventh Edition. Beijing: The Commercial Press. →ISBN.
  • Hanyu Da Zidian Weiyuanhui (漢語大字典委員會), eds. (1986–1989). Hanyu Da Zidian (漢語大字典) [Great Dictionary of Chinese Characters]. 8 vols. Wuhan: Hubei Cishu Chubanshe and Sichuan Cishu Chubanshe. →ISBN. 1995. Corrected ed., 3 vols.
  • Li, Rong (李榮), chief ed. (1993–2003). Xiandai Hanyu Fangyan Da Cidian (現代漢語方言大詞典) [Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects], a compendium of dictionaries for 42 local varieties of Chinese).
  • Li, Xingjian (李行健), chief ed. (2014). Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian (现代汉语规范词典) [A Prescriptive Dictionary of Modern Chinese]. Beijing: Yuwen chubanshe. →ISBN.
  • Luo, Zhufeng (羅竹風), chief ed. (1986–1993). Hanyu Da Cidian (漢語大詞典) [Great Dictionary of Chinese Words]. 13 vols. Shanghai: Cishu Chubanshe. →ISBN. CD-ROM ed. →ISBN.
  • Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2015). Chongbian Guoyu Cidian Xiudingben (重編國語辭典修訂本) [Revised Mandarin Chinese Dictionary]. Available online at http://dict.revised.moe.edu.tw/cbdic/.