Wiktionary:Lao transliteration

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These are the rules concerning transliteration in Lao entries. This transliteration is based on LC (Library of Congress) method, also used by the Lao Wiktionary.

Consonants edit

Letter Initial position Final position Tone Class
(ka) k k middle
(kha) kh k high
(kha) kh k low
(nga) ng ng low
(cha) ch t middle
(sa) s t high
(sa) s t low
(nya) ny ny low
(da) d t middle
(ta) t t middle
(tha) th t high
(tha) th t low
(na) n n low
(ba) b p middle
(pa) p p middle
(pha) ph p high
(fa) f p high
(pha) ph p low
(fa) f p low
(ma) m m low
(ya) y y middle
(ra) r n low
(la) l n low
(wa) w w low
(ha) h high
(ʼa) ' middle
(ha) h low

Consonantal digraphs and ligatures edit

Consonantal digraphs and ligatures are all high tone class.

Letter Transliteration
ຫງ (nga) ng
ຫຍ (nya) gn
(na) or ຫນ (na) n
(ma) or ຫມ (ma) m
ຫຼ (la) or ຫຣ (ra) r
ຫຼ (la) or ຫລ (la) l
ຫວ (wa) w

Short vowels edit

Letter Transliteration
-ະ, -ັ a
-ິ i
-ຶ ư
-ຸ u
ເ-ະ, ເ-ັ e
ແ-ະ, ແ-ັ æ
ໂ-ະ, -ົ o
ເ-າະ, -ັອ- ǫ
ເ-ິ œ
ເ-ັຍ, -ັຽ- ia
ເ-ຶອ ưa
-ົວະ, -ັວ- ua
ໄ-, ໃ-, -ັຍ ai
ເ-ົາ ao
-ຳ am

Long vowels edit

Letter Transliteration
-າ ā
-ີ ī
-ື ư̄
-ູ ū
ເ- ē
ແ- ǣ
ໂ- ō
-ໍ, -ອ- ǭ
ເ-ີ œ̄
ເ-ຍ, -ຽ- īa
ເ-ືອ ư̄a
-ົວ, -ວ- ūa
-າຍ āi

Numerals edit

Lao numeral Hindu-Arabic numerals
(0) 0
(1) 1
(2) 2
(3) 3
(4) 4
(5) 5
(6) 6
(7) 7
(8) 8
(9) 9

See also edit