Min NanEdit

trad. and simpl.

Alternative formsEdit


  • IPA(key): [ a˧˧tɔk˥˥a˥˧ ]


  • The above story gave birth to the term 斲鼻 (tok-phīⁿ), which describes a person with a hooked nose. Westerners were originally noted for their unusual noses, and therefore were called 斲鼻仔 (tok-phīⁿ-á or hook nose). This term was later replaced by the more informal sounding a-tok-á.


a-tok-á ‎(POJ, traditional and simplified 阿斲仔)

  1. (slang) a westerner; a person of Caucasian descent; a round eyes

Usage notesEdit

  • Usually used in reference to white westerners. Like most such ethnic terms, the word is either insulting or neutral depending on who says it, and in what context.


  • Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #4617”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]