Latin edit

Etymology edit

Perfect passive participle of acuō (sharpen, make sharp).

Pronunciation edit

Participle edit

acūtus (feminine acūta, neuter acūtum, comparative acūtior, superlative acūtissimus); first/second-declension participle

  1. sharpened, made sharp, sharp, having been sharpened
  2. spicy
  3. subtle
    acūta distīnctiōa subtle distinction
  4. acute
  5. astute, wise, sharp-witted
  6. having a sharp sound, high-pitched

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative acūtus acūta acūtum acūtī acūtae acūta
Genitive acūtī acūtae acūtī acūtōrum acūtārum acūtōrum
Dative acūtō acūtō acūtīs
Accusative acūtum acūtam acūtum acūtōs acūtās acūta
Ablative acūtō acūtā acūtō acūtīs
Vocative acūte acūta acūtum acūtī acūtae acūta

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Asturian: agudu
  • Dutch: acuut
  • Italian: acuto
  • Middle English: acute
  • Old French: agu
  • Old Occitan:
  • Old Irish: acuit
  • Portuguese: agudo
  • Romanian: acut
  • Spanish: agudo

References edit

  • acutus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • acutus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • acutus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • acutus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to draw a subtle inference: acute, subtiliter concludere
    • a deep, high, thin, moderate voice: vox gravis, acuta, parva, mediocris