adarc

Contents

Old IrishEdit

 
adarc

EtymologyEdit

Unknown; perhaps a loanword from a pre-Celtic source cognate with Basque adar.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

adarc f ‎(genitive adarcae)

  1. horn (growth on an animal's head)
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 2b16:
      tob di humu fo chosmailius n-adarcae side
      a trumpet of bronze in the shape of a horn
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 63b17:
      nanní fris·oirc doib fa·scannat hua n-adarcaib
      whatever offends them, they toss it with their horns
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 116c8:
      orgain humaidi fo chosmailius n-adarcae
      bronze instruments in the shape of a horn

InflectionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
adarc unchanged n-adarc
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ R. L. Trask, The History of Basque
  2. ^ Mother Tongue: Journal of the Association for the Study of Language in Prehistory, issue 5 (1999): [Compare] Basque adar 'horn' - Old Irish adarc 'hom': since the latter has no Indo- European etymology, it is probably borrowed from Vasconic *adar-ko 'little horn'.
  • 1 adarc, aiderc” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.