FanagaloEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Zulu -bulala, from Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́daga, repetitive form of Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́da.

VerbEdit

bulala

  1. to kill, to murder

Northern NdebeleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́daga, repetitive form of Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́da.

VerbEdit

-búlála

  1. to kill

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


PhuthiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́daga, repetitive form of Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́da.

VerbEdit

-búlála

  1. to kill

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Southern NdebeleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́daga, repetitive form of Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́da.

VerbEdit

-búlála

  1. to kill

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


SwaziEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́daga, repetitive form of Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́da.

VerbEdit

-búlála

  1. (transitive) to kill

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́daga, repetitive form of Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́da.

VerbEdit

-búlála

  1. (transitive) to kill

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́daga, repetitive form of Proto-Bantu *-bʊ́da.

VerbEdit

-bulála

  1. (transitive) to kill, to murder

InflectionEdit

Tone H
Infinitive ukubulala
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubulala ukungabulali
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular bulala -bulale
Plural bulalani -bulaleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyabulala, ngibulala engibulalayo, engibulala ngibulala angibulali engingabulali ngingabulali
2nd singular uyabulala, ubulala obulalayo, obulala ubulala awubulali ongabulali ungabulali
1st plural siyabulala, sibulala esibulalayo, esibulala sibulala asibulali esingabulali singabulali
2nd plural niyabulala, nibulala enibulalayo, enibulala nibulala anibulali eningabulali ningabulali
Class 1 uyabulala, ubulala obulalayo, obulala ebulala akabulali ongabulali engabulali
Class 2 bayabulala, babulala ababulalayo, ababulala bebulala ababulali abangabulali bengabulali
Class 3 uyabulala, ubulala obulalayo, obulala ubulala awubulali ongabulali ungabulali
Class 4 iyabulala, ibulala ebulalayo, ebulala ibulala ayibulali engabulali ingabulali
Class 5 liyabulala, libulala elibulalayo, elibulala libulala alibulali elingabulali lingabulali
Class 6 ayabulala, abulala abulalayo, abulala ebulala awabulali angabulali engabulali
Class 7 siyabulala, sibulala esibulalayo, esibulala sibulala asibulali esingabulali singabulali
Class 8 ziyabulala, zibulala ezibulalayo, ezibulala zibulala azibulali ezingabulali zingabulali
Class 9 iyabulala, ibulala ebulalayo, ebulala ibulala ayibulali engabulali ingabulali
Class 10 ziyabulala, zibulala ezibulalayo, ezibulala zibulala azibulali ezingabulali zingabulali
Class 11 luyabulala, lubulala olubulalayo, olubulala lubulala alubulali olungabulali lungabulali
Class 14 buyabulala, bubulala obubulalayo, obubulala bubulala abubulali obungabulali bungabulali
Class 15 kuyabulala, kubulala okubulalayo, okubulala kubulala akubulali okungabulali kungabulali
Class 17 kuyabulala, kubulala okubulalayo, okubulala kubulala akubulali okungabulali kungabulali
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibulalile, ngibulalē engibulalile, engibulalē ngibulalile, ngibulalē angibulalanga engingabulalanga ngingabulalanga
2nd singular ubulalile, ubulalē obulalile, obulalē ubulalile, ubulalē awubulalanga ongabulalanga ungabulalanga
1st plural sibulalile, sibulalē esibulalile, esibulalē sibulalile, sibulalē asibulalanga esingabulalanga singabulalanga
2nd plural nibulalile, nibulalē enibulalile, enibulalē nibulalile, nibulalē anibulalanga eningabulalanga ningabulalanga
Class 1 ubulalile, ubulalē obulalile, obulalē ebulalile, ebulalē akabulalanga ongabulalanga engabulalanga
Class 2 babulalile, babulalē ababulalile, ababulalē bebulalile, bebulalē ababulalanga abangabulalanga bengabulalanga
Class 3 ubulalile, ubulalē obulalile, obulalē ubulalile, ubulalē awubulalanga ongabulalanga ungabulalanga
Class 4 ibulalile, ibulalē ebulalile, ebulalē ibulalile, ibulalē ayibulalanga engabulalanga ingabulalanga
Class 5 libulalile, libulalē elibulalile, elibulalē libulalile, libulalē alibulalanga elingabulalanga lingabulalanga
Class 6 abulalile, abulalē abulalile, abulalē ebulalile, ebulalē awabulalanga angabulalanga engabulalanga
Class 7 sibulalile, sibulalē esibulalile, esibulalē sibulalile, sibulalē asibulalanga esingabulalanga singabulalanga
Class 8 zibulalile, zibulalē ezibulalile, ezibulalē zibulalile, zibulalē azibulalanga ezingabulalanga zingabulalanga
Class 9 ibulalile, ibulalē ebulalile, ebulalē ibulalile, ibulalē ayibulalanga engabulalanga ingabulalanga
Class 10 zibulalile, zibulalē ezibulalile, ezibulalē zibulalile, zibulalē azibulalanga ezingabulalanga zingabulalanga
Class 11 lubulalile, lubulalē olubulalile, olubulalē lubulalile, lubulalē alubulalanga olungabulalanga lungabulalanga
Class 14 bubulalile, bubulalē obubulalile, obubulalē bubulalile, bubulalē abubulalanga obungabulalanga bungabulalanga
Class 15 kubulalile, kubulalē okubulalile, okubulalē kubulalile, kubulalē akubulalanga okungabulalanga kungabulalanga
Class 17 kubulalile, kubulalē okubulalile, okubulalē kubulalile, kubulalē akubulalanga okungabulalanga kungabulalanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābulala engābulala ngābulala angibulalanga engingabulalanga ngingabulalanga
2nd singular wābulala owābulala wābulala awubulalanga ongabulalanga ungabulalanga
1st plural sābulala esābulala sābulala asibulalanga esingabulalanga singabulalanga
2nd plural nābulala enābulala nābulala anibulalanga eningabulalanga ningabulalanga
Class 1 wābulala owābulala ābulala akabulalanga ongabulalanga engabulalanga
Class 2 bābulala abābulala bābulala ababulalanga abangabulalanga bengabulalanga
Class 3 wābulala owābulala wābulala awubulalanga ongabulalanga ungabulalanga
Class 4 yābulala eyābulala yābulala ayibulalanga engabulalanga ingabulalanga
Class 5 lābulala elābulala lābulala alibulalanga elingabulalanga lingabulalanga
Class 6 ābulala ābulala ābulala awabulalanga angabulalanga engabulalanga
Class 7 sābulala esābulala sābulala asibulalanga esingabulalanga singabulalanga
Class 8 zābulala ezābulala zābulala azibulalanga ezingabulalanga zingabulalanga
Class 9 yābulala eyābulala yābulala ayibulalanga engabulalanga ingabulalanga
Class 10 zābulala ezābulala zābulala azibulalanga ezingabulalanga zingabulalanga
Class 11 lwābulala olwābulala lwābulala alubulalanga olungabulalanga lungabulalanga
Class 14 bābulala obābulala bābulala abubulalanga obungabulalanga bungabulalanga
Class 15 kwābulala okwābulala kwābulala akubulalanga okungabulalanga kungabulalanga
Class 17 kwābulala okwābulala kwābulala akubulalanga okungabulalanga kungabulalanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingabulala ngingabulala ngingebulale ngingebulale
2nd singular ungabulala ungabulala ungebulale ungebulale
1st plural singabulala singabulala singebulale singebulale
2nd plural ningabulala ningabulala ningebulale ningebulale
Class 1 angabulala engabulala angebulale engebulale
Class 2 bangabulala bengabulala bangebulale bengebulale
Class 3 ungabulala ungabulala ungebulale ungebulale
Class 4 ingabulala ingabulala ingebulale ingebulale
Class 5 lingabulala lingabulala lingebulale lingebulale
Class 6 angabulala engabulala angebulale engebulale
Class 7 singabulala singabulala singebulale singebulale
Class 8 zingabulala zingabulala zingebulale zingebulale
Class 9 ingabulala ingabulala ingebulale ingebulale
Class 10 zingabulala zingabulala zingebulale zingebulale
Class 11 lungabulala lungabulala lungebulale lungebulale
Class 14 bungabulala bungabulala bungebulale bungebulale
Class 15 kungabulala kungabulala kungebulale kungebulale
Class 17 kungabulala kungabulala kungebulale kungebulale
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobulala engizobulala ngizobulala angizubulala engingezubulala ngingezubulala
2nd singular uzobulala ozobulala uzobulala awuzubulala ongezubulala ungezubulala
1st plural sizobulala esizobulala sizobulala asizubulala esingezubulala singezubulala
2nd plural nizobulala enizobulala nizobulala anizubulala eningezubulala ningezubulala
Class 1 uzobulala ozobulala ezobulala akazubulala ongezubulala engezubulala
Class 2 bazobulala abazobulala bezobulala abazubulala abangezubulala bengezubulala
Class 3 uzobulala ozobulala uzobulala awuzubulala ongezubulala ungezubulala
Class 4 izobulala ezobulala izobulala ayizubulala engezubulala ingezubulala
Class 5 lizobulala elizobulala lizobulala alizubulala elingezubulala lingezubulala
Class 6 azobulala azobulala ezobulala awazubulala angezubulala engezubulala
Class 7 sizobulala esizobulala sizobulala asizubulala esingezubulala singezubulala
Class 8 zizobulala ezizobulala zizobulala azizubulala ezingezubulala zingezubulala
Class 9 izobulala ezobulala izobulala ayizubulala engezubulala ingezubulala
Class 10 zizobulala ezizobulala zizobulala azizubulala ezingezubulala zingezubulala
Class 11 luzobulala oluzobulala luzobulala aluzubulala olungezubulala lungezubulala
Class 14 buzobulala obuzobulala buzobulala abuzubulala obungezubulala bungezubulala
Class 15 kuzobulala okuzobulala kuzobulala akuzubulala okungezubulala kungezubulala
Class 17 kuzobulala okuzobulala kuzobulala akuzubulala okungezubulala kungezubulala
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobulala engiyobulala ngiyobulala angiyubulala engingeyubulala ngingeyubulala
2nd singular uyobulala oyobulala uyobulala awuyubulala ongeyubulala ungeyubulala
1st plural siyobulala esiyobulala siyobulala asiyubulala esingeyubulala singeyubulala
2nd plural niyobulala eniyobulala niyobulala aniyubulala eningeyubulala ningeyubulala
Class 1 uyobulala oyobulala eyobulala akayubulala ongeyubulala engeyubulala
Class 2 bayobulala abayobulala beyobulala abayubulala abangeyubulala bengeyubulala
Class 3 uyobulala oyobulala uyobulala awuyubulala ongeyubulala ungeyubulala
Class 4 iyobulala eyobulala iyobulala ayiyubulala engeyubulala ingeyubulala
Class 5 liyobulala eliyobulala liyobulala aliyubulala elingeyubulala lingeyubulala
Class 6 ayobulala ayobulala eyobulala awayubulala angeyubulala engeyubulala
Class 7 siyobulala esiyobulala siyobulala asiyubulala esingeyubulala singeyubulala
Class 8 ziyobulala eziyobulala ziyobulala aziyubulala ezingeyubulala zingeyubulala
Class 9 iyobulala eyobulala iyobulala ayiyubulala engeyubulala ingeyubulala
Class 10 ziyobulala eziyobulala ziyobulala aziyubulala ezingeyubulala zingeyubulala
Class 11 luyobulala oluyobulala luyobulala aluyubulala olungeyubulala lungeyubulala
Class 14 buyobulala obuyobulala buyobulala abuyubulala obungeyubulala bungeyubulala
Class 15 kuyobulala okuyobulala kuyobulala akuyubulala okungeyubulala kungeyubulala
Class 17 kuyobulala okuyobulala kuyobulala akuyubulala okungeyubulala kungeyubulala
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibulale ngingabulali
2nd singular ubulale ungabulali
1st plural sibulale singabulali
2nd plural nibulale ningabulali
Class 1 abulale angabulali
Class 2 babulale bangabulali
Class 3 ubulale ungabulali
Class 4 ibulale ingabulali
Class 5 libulale lingabulali
Class 6 abulale angabulali
Class 7 sibulale singabulali
Class 8 zibulale zingabulali
Class 9 ibulale ingabulali
Class 10 zibulale zingabulali
Class 11 lubulale lungabulali
Class 14 bubulale bungabulali
Class 15 kubulale kungabulali
Class 17 kubulale kungabulali
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabulala ngangabulala, angabulala, angangabulala
2nd singular wabulala wangabulala, awabulala, awangabulala
1st plural sabulala sangabulala, asabulala, asangabulala
2nd plural nabulala nangabulala, anabulala, anangabulala
Class 1 wabulala wangabulala, akabulala, akangabulala
Class 2 babulala bangabulala, ababulala, abangabulala
Class 3 wabulala wangabulala, awabulala, awangabulala
Class 4 yabulala yangabulala, ayabulala, ayangabulala
Class 5 labulala langabulala, alabulala, alangabulala
Class 6 abulala angabulala, awabulala, awangabulala
Class 7 sabulala sangabulala, asabulala, asangabulala
Class 8 zabulala zangabulala, azabulala, azangabulala
Class 9 yabulala yangabulala, ayabulala, ayangabulala
Class 10 zabulala zangabulala, azabulala, azangabulala
Class 11 lwabulala lwangabulala, alwabulala, alwangabulala
Class 14 babulala bangabulala, ababulala, abangabulala
Class 15 kwabulala kwangabulala, akwabulala, akwangabulala
Class 17 kwabulala kwangabulala, akwabulala, akwangabulala

ReferencesEdit