cétnae phersan

Old IrishEdit


Calque of Latin prīma persōna, itself a calque of Ancient Greek πρώτον πρόσωπον (prṓton prósōpon).


  • IPA(key): /ˈkʲeːdne ˈfʲer͈san/


cétnae phersan f (genitive cétnae persaine)

  1. (grammar) first person
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 159a2
      Air in tan no·labrither in cétni persin ƚ in tánaisi do·adbit ainm hi suidiu.
      For when you say the first person or the second, you show a noun in this.


Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cétn(a)e phersan
Accusative cétn(a)i pers(a)in
Genitive cétn(a)e pers(a)ine
Dative cétn(a)i phers(a)in
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization