See also: Kremlin


The kremlin of Kazan, Tatarstan


Similar forms are attested, per Vasmer's Etymological Dictionary, in earlier German Kremelin and French Cremlin, which are theorized to come from Old East Slavic кремльнъ (kremlĭnŭ, having a kremlin), from кремль (kremlĭ), whence Russian кремль (kremlʹ).


kremlin (plural kremlins)

  1. (architecture, Russian architecture) A fortified, central complex found in various Russian cities.
    • 1997, Council of Europe, Cultural Policy in the Russian Federation, page 107,
      9% of historical parks are the gardens of monasteries and kremlins (fortified centres in the towns), 8% are urban ("public") gardens and only 2% are parks on urban estates.
    • 2012, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc, Britannica Student Encyclopedia, page 87,
      Several cities in Russia were built around fortresses called kremlins. Russians built kremlins for defense during the Middle Ages. A kremlin was often located along a river.
    • 2012, Konstantin Nossov, Russian Fortresses 1480-1682, page 45,
      The centre of the kremlin usually held the prince's or voivode’s court, the cathedral, and the bishop's court. This arrangement can be seen in quite a number of 16th-century kremlins. The main street of the kremlin connected this complex with the gate leading to the marketplace.